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EWG's Tap Water Database — 2019 UPDATE

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2,3,7,8-TCDD (Dioxin)

Philadelphia Water Department

Dioxins are contaminants released from chemical manufacturing, pulp and paper bleaching, and incineration of products that contain chlorine. 2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzodioxin (2,3,7,8-TCDD) is the most toxic chemical in the group of dioxins. Read More.

Dioxins are among the most toxic known environmental pollutants. As a class, dioxins are extremely toxic, persistent and bioaccumulative; these contaminants build up and are stored in fatty tissues and fluids, such as breast milk, and pass from the mother to the child. Most people are exposed to dioxins through the food they eat, primarily from meat, dairy, fish and eggs. In humans, dioxins are associated with cancer, birth defects, damage to the nervous and immune systems, altered metabolism, thyroid disruption, altered menstrual cycling and damage to the cardiovascular system.

 

18

Samples

0

Samples exceeding legal limit (MCL)

0

Samples exceeding
health guidelines

Testing results - average by year

 
YearAverage resultSamples takenDetectionsRange of results
2012N/A00N/A
2013N/A00N/A
2014ND60ND
2015ND30ND
2016ND30ND
2017ND60ND

ppt = parts per trillion

State and national drinking water standards and health guidelines

EWG Health Guideline 0.0002 ppt

The EWG Health Guideline of 0.0002 ppt for 2,3,7,8-TCDD was defined by the Environmental Protection Agency as a one-in-a-million lifetime risk of cancer. Values greater than one-in-a-million cancer risk level can result in increased cancer cases above one in a million people.

EPA Maximum Contaminant
Level (MCL) 0.03 ppt

ppt = parts per trillion

All test results

Date Lab ID Result
2014-04-077422123ND
2014-04-077422121ND
2014-04-077422119ND
2014-08-197572177ND
2014-08-197572175ND
2014-08-197572179ND
2015-06-1012888378ND
2015-06-1012888354ND
2015-06-1012888330ND
2016-06-0314412771ND
2016-06-0314412770ND
2016-06-0314412769ND
2017-05-1616101758ND
2017-05-1616101757ND
2017-05-1616101759ND
2017-07-2416420531ND
2017-07-2416420532ND
2017-07-2416420530ND