EWG's Tap Water Database


Nitrate and nitrite

Grants Way

Nitrate and nitrite enter water from fertilizer runoff, septic tanks and urban runoff. These contaminants can cause oxygen deprivation for infants and increase the risk of cancer. Nitrite is significantly more toxic than nitrate. Click here to read more about nitrate.





Samples exceeding legal limit (MCL)


Samples exceeding
health guidelines

Testing results - average by year

YearAverage resultSamples takenDetectionsRange of results
20104.40 ppm114.40 ppm
20114.50 ppm114.50 ppm
20124.40 ppm114.40 ppm
20134.10 ppm114.10 ppm
20144.40 ppm114.40 ppm
20154.50 ppm114.50 ppm

ppm = parts per million.

State and national drinking water standards and health guidelines

Health Guideline 5 ppm

The health guideline of 5 ppm for nitrate and nitrite was defined by EWG based on studies by scientists at the National Cancer Institute and other independent researchers. This health guideline protects against cancer and harm to fetal growth and development.

ppm = parts per million.

EPA Maximum Contaminant
Level (MCL) 10 ppm

The enforceable federal standard that defines the highest level of a contaminant allowed in drinking water.

ppm = parts per million.

EPA Maximum Contaminant
Level Goal (MCLG)10 ppm

A non-enforceable federal health guideline. For cancer-causing chemicals, these health goals are typically set to zero.

ppm = parts per million.

All test results

Date Lab ID Result
2010-01-25S2237324.40 ppm
2011-01-26S2278874.50 ppm
2012-01-05S3510904.40 ppm
2013-01-14S3823414.10 ppm
2014-04-23S4790764.40 ppm
2015-01-15S5046024.50 ppm