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EWG's Tap Water Database — 2019 UPDATE

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Cadmium

City of Phoenix

Cadmium is a toxic metal found in food and drinking water. It has been linked to kidney toxicity, bone damage, cancer, and damage to developing fetuses.

 

20

Samples

0

Samples exceeding legal limit (MCL)

0

Samples exceeding
health guidelines

Testing results - average by year

 
YearAverage resultSamples takenDetectionsRange of results
2012ND50ND
2013ND10ND
2014ND70ND
2015ND10ND
2016ND10ND
2017ND50ND

ppb = parts per billion

State and national drinking water standards and health guidelines

EWG Health Guideline 0.04 ppb

The EWG Health Guideline of 0.04 ppb for cadmium was defined by the California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment as a public health goal, the level of a drinking water contaminant that does not pose a significant health risk. This health guideline protects against harm to internal organs.

EPA Maximum Contaminant
Level (MCL) 5 ppb

The legal limit for cadmium, established in 1991, was based on research studies of cadmium toxicity conducted in the 1970s. This limit may not fully protect against the risk of cancer due to cadmium exposure.

ppb = parts per billion

All test results

Date Lab ID Result
2012-01-032012000421ND
2012-01-032012000419ND
2012-01-042010248-02ND
2012-01-092012001235ND
2012-01-102012001855ND
2013-01-023010074-01ND
2014-01-064010287-01IND
2014-01-152014001121ND
2014-01-162014001135ND
2014-01-162014001407ND
2014-01-212014003196ND
2014-01-212014003180ND
2014-02-262014009692ND
2015-01-07201501070258IND
2016-01-06201601060265IND
2017-01-04201701040662IND
2017-01-112017001856ND
2017-01-182017002436ND
2017-01-182017002423ND
2017-01-252017004351ND