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1,2,3-Trichloropropane

Status: No national drinking water standard exists

 

1,2,3-Trichloropropane is a potent carcinogen that contaminates drinking water in agricultural regions where it was historically used as soil fumigant. Click here to read more about carcinogenic VOCs.

2010-2015:

FOUND
FOUND ABOVE HEALTH GUIDELINES

21

states detected

340

utilities detected

16 million

people served

21

states over health guideline

325

utilities over health guideline

12 million

people served over health guideline

Health concerns for 1,2,3-trichloropropane

Cancer

State and national drinking water standards and health guidelines

Health Guideline 0.0007 ppb

The health guideline of 0.0007 ppb for 1,2,3-trichloropropane was defined by the California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment as a public health goal, the level of a drinking water contaminant that does not pose a significant health risk. This health guideline protects against cancer.

ppb = parts per billion.

States reporting 1,2,3-trichloropropane in drinking water

UTILITIES REPORTING ABOVE HEALTH GUIDELINES UTILITIES WITH CONTAMINATION
State UtilitiesPeople Served UtilitiesPeople Served
California692,887,958787,275,378
Texas1834,852,8741834,852,874
New York101,410,080121,555,080
Hawaii191,059,254191,059,254
Pennsylvania3748,5283748,528
New Jersey11334,60113393,898
Florida588,694588,694
Alabama683,444683,444
Connecticut251,128363,694
Louisiana258,884258,884
Arizona250,078250,078
New Mexico135,000135,000
Maryland130,343130,343
Delaware12,451228,651
Wisconsin123,867123,867
Virginia110,000110,000
South Carolina33,92233,922
Colorado22292229
Ohio11251125
North Carolina167167
Maine143143
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Utilities with the highest amounts of 1,2,3-trichloropropane, 2010-2015

ALL UTILITIES
LARGE UTILITIES
UtilityLocationTestsAverage levelPeople served
Dennysville HousingMachias, ME1 of 11.50 ppb43
Nacimiento Water Project*San Luis Obispo, CA1 of 11.000 ppb0
Guilford Lake EstatesTallmadge, OH1 of 20.660 ppb125
Lightner Creek Mobile Home ParkDurango, CO1 of 60.567 ppb90
Four SeasonsAustin, TX1 of 30.533 ppb870
MililaniHonolulu, HI18 of 480.421 ppb35,875
City of LivingstonLivingston, CA251 of 2530.268 ppb14,894
City of GanadoGanado, TX1 of 100.250 ppb2,003
Maunaolu PlantationWailuku, HI17 of 380.223 ppb100
Fort Payne Water Works Board*Fort Payne, AL1 of 90.219 ppb21,363
Waialua*Honolulu, HI10 of 220.171 ppb13,447
Waipio HeightsHonolulu, HI24 of 360.160 ppb16,616
Tully Mobile EstatesModesto, CA15 of 180.155 ppb40
Waipahu-Ewa-WaianaeHonolulu, HI62 of 1860.139 ppb188,539
LahainaWailuku, HI123 of 2180.105 ppb18,122
City of ShafterShafter, CA231 of 2510.0992 ppb16,928
MakawaoWailuku, HI42 of 700.0927 ppb28,702
Sumter-wessex S/dSumter, SC4 of 240.0921 ppb412
KaanapaliLahaina, HI11 of 430.0872 ppb8,000
Chino Basin Desalter Authority - Desalter 1*Ontario, CA196 of 2680.0868 ppb0
City of LawnLawn, TX1 of 90.0844 ppb618
Greenlawn WDGreenlawn, NY8 of 200.0819 ppb42,000
Genoa, Town ofGenoa, CO1 of 80.0813 ppb139
St. Elmo-irvington Water Authority*St Elmo, AL2 of 170.0800 ppb9,500
City of WascoWasco, CA125 of 1440.0723 ppb21,170
Kalaheo-KoloaLihue, HI25 of 540.0665 ppb11,382
Villager ApartmentsColden, NY1 of 90.0657 ppb40
California State University FresnoFresno, CA2 of 60.0583 ppb23,000
California Water Service (CWS) - North Garden*San Jose, CA361 of 4660.0475 ppb24,167
Arvin Community Services DistrictArvin, CA39 of 730.0474 ppb19,000

* This water utility supplies finished drinking water to at least one other water utility. The purchasing utility is not required to test for or report 1,2,3-Trichloropropane, but it likely has the contaminant in its water supply.

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UtilityLocationTestsAverage levelPeople served
MililaniHonolulu, HI18 of 480.421 ppb35,875
City of LivingstonLivingston, CA251 of 2530.268 ppb14,894
Fort Payne Water Works Board*Fort Payne, AL1 of 90.219 ppb21,363
Waialua*Honolulu, HI10 of 220.171 ppb13,447
Waipio HeightsHonolulu, HI24 of 360.160 ppb16,616
Waipahu-Ewa-WaianaeHonolulu, HI62 of 1860.139 ppb188,539
LahainaWailuku, HI123 of 2180.105 ppb18,122
City of ShafterShafter, CA231 of 2510.0992 ppb16,928
MakawaoWailuku, HI42 of 700.0927 ppb28,702
Greenlawn WDGreenlawn, NY8 of 200.0819 ppb42,000
City of WascoWasco, CA125 of 1440.0723 ppb21,170
Kalaheo-KoloaLihue, HI25 of 540.0665 ppb11,382
California State University FresnoFresno, CA2 of 60.0583 ppb23,000
California Water Service (CWS) - North Garden*San Jose, CA361 of 4660.0475 ppb24,167
Arvin Community Services DistrictArvin, CA39 of 730.0474 ppb19,000
Immokalee WaterImmokalee, FL1 of 60.0467 ppb26,837
California Institution For Men*Chino, CA2 of 20.0425 ppb10,667
University of New MexicoAlbuquerque, NM1 of 20.0395 ppb35,000
City of AtwaterAtwater, CA21 of 460.0385 ppb29,050
Wahiawa*Honolulu, HI7 of 170.0363 ppb24,798
Ward II Water District*Denhams Springs, LA1 of 270.0322 ppb58,560
VintonVinton, VA3 of 30.0320 ppb10,000
City of ParlierParlier, CA34 of 650.0316 ppb12,058
City of BakersfieldBakersfield, CA127 of 3140.0288 ppb138,309
Riverhead WD*Riverhead, NY2 of 220.0282 ppb37,050
City of ChinoChino, CA47 of 590.0262 ppb18,907
Menomonee Falls WW - Surface WaterMenomonee Falls, WI1 of 130.0254 ppb23,867
City of WebsterWebster, TX1 of 20.0250 ppb13,710
City of HemetHemet, CA3 of 120.0248 ppb20,212
Maple Shade Water Department*Mapel Shade, NJ38 of 560.0236 ppb19,400

* This water utility supplies finished drinking water to at least one other water utility. The purchasing utility is not required to test for or report 1,2,3-Trichloropropane, but it likely has the contaminant in its water supply.

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