Menu Close Menu




Data: Fair

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Use restrictions (low) and Contamination concerns (high)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

Expand content Collapse content
foundation63 products
facial moisturizer/treatment35 products
concealer26 products
moisturizer22 products
mask20 products
conditioner19 products
hair treatment/serum19 products
serums & essences19 products
shampoo13 products
lip gloss12 products
daily use with SPF12 products
exfoliant/scrub11 products
hand cream11 products
lipstick10 products
facial cleanser10 products
lip balm7 products
body firming lotion6 products
antiperspirant/deodorant6 products
muscle/joint soreness6 products
hair styling aide5 products
recreational sunscreen5 products
bronzer/highlighter4 products
anti-aging3 products
blush3 products
cuticle treatment3 products
facial powder3 products
body wash/cleanser3 products
toners/astringents3 products
shaving cream2 products
body oil2 products
around-eye cream2 products
shaving cream (men's)2 products
beard oil2 products
baby oil1 products
beard cleanser1 products
after shave1 products
CC cream1 products
foot moisturizer1 products
hand sanitizer1 products
nail treatment1 products
hair-loss treatment1 products
BB cream1 products
baby lotion1 products
beard care1 products

Contamination concerns

Expand content Collapse content

Use restrictions

Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
Determined safe for use in cosmetics, subject to concentration or use limitations - Restrictions on impurities recommended by industry safety panelCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Data gaps

Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
17478 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Data Sources

  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.

About this Ingredient's Score Range

  • Products with the EWG VERIFIED mark have met the program’s impurity and use restrictions based on EWG's review of the company's data.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer