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Data: Fair

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Use restrictions (low) and Contamination concerns (high)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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foundation63 products
facial moisturizer/treatment15 products
lip balm13 products
serums & essences13 products
mask13 products
lipstick12 products
lip gloss12 products
conditioner10 products
moisturizer8 products
exfoliant/scrub8 products
hand cream6 products
facial cleanser6 products
shampoo6 products
daily use with SPF5 products
bronzer/highlighter5 products
recreational sunscreen5 products
body wash/cleanser4 products
blush3 products
cuticle treatment3 products
hair treatment/serum3 products
facial powder3 products
around-eye cream3 products
anti-aging2 products
toners/astringents2 products
body firming lotion2 products
styling gel/lotion1 products
CC cream1 products
muscle/joint soreness1 products
beard cleanser1 products
baby oil1 products
nail treatment1 products
makeup primer1 products
hair styling aide1 products
body oil1 products
liquid hand soap1 products
beard oil1 products
baby lotion1 products
damaged skin treatment1 products
antiperspirant/deodorant1 products
beard care1 products
shaving cream (men's)1 products

Contamination concerns

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Use restrictions

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Concern Reference
Determined safe for use in cosmetics, subject to concentration or use limitations - Restrictions on impurities recommended by industry safety panelCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
17478 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Data Sources

  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.

About this Ingredient's Score Range

  • Products with the EWG VERIFIED mark have met the program’s impurity and use restrictions based on EWG's review of the company's data.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer