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Data: Limited


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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conditioner420 products
shampoo140 products
hair color and bleaching129 products
hair treatment/serum113 products
hair styling aide46 products
detangler29 products
mask18 products
styling mousse/foam14 products
styling gel/lotion13 products
hair spray11 products
moisturizer9 products
serums & essences7 products
makeup primer5 products
facial moisturizer/treatment3 products
exfoliant/scrub3 products
body wash/cleanser3 products
3 products
around-eye cream3 products
recreational sunscreen2 products
anti-aging2 products
beard cleanser2 products
daily use with SPF1 products
facial cleanser1 products
body firming lotion1 products
concealer1 products
hair-loss treatment1 products
hair relaxer1 products
toners/astringents1 products
bronzer/highlighter1 products
CC cream1 products

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productIJT 22(S2):11-35, 2003
2 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyIJT 22(S2):11-35, 2003

Data Sources

  • IJT 22(S2):11-35, 2003
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


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