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PERFLUORINATED CHEMICAL

Products with this unspecific ingredient may be composed of any the specific substances listed below. The evidence shown is based on the most concerning group member.
Asthma/Respiratory
 
No Data, Some Concern
 
Skin Allergies &
Irritation
 
No Data, Some Concern
 
Developmental &
Reproductive Toxicity
 
High Concern
 
Cancer
 
Moderate Concern
 
Environment
 
High Concern
 
Top scoring factors: May contain ingredients with potential for developmental/endocrine/reproductive effects; blood-related effects; biodegradation
This unspecific ingredient, Perfluorinated chemical, can be found in 1 product.
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Evidence

Health issue
 
Level of Concern
 
Source
PERFLUOROOCTANOIC ACID
A draft risk assessment from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency reported that chronic exposure to perfluorooctanoic acids and salts can affect blood.
 
high
 
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). 2005. Draft risk assessment of the potential human health effects associated with exposure to perfluorooctanoic acid and salts. SAB Review Draft.
PERFLUOROOCTANOIC ACID
A draft risk assessment from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency reported that chronic exposure to perfluorooctanoic acids and salts caused reproductive or developmental effects in lab animals.
 
high
 
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). 2005. Draft risk assessment of the potential human health effects associated with exposure to perfluorooctanoic acid and salts. SAB Review Draft.
PERFLUOROOCTANOIC ACID
A U.S. Environmental Protection Agency fact sheet finds perfluorooctanoic acid and perfluorooctane sulfonate to be persistent pollutants.
 
high
 
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). 2012. Emerging Contaminants – Perfluorooctane Sulfonate (PFOS) and Perfluorooctanoic Acid (PFOA). Emerging Contaminants Fact Sheet.
PERFLUOROOCTANOIC ACID
A draft risk assessment from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency reported that perfluorooctanoic acids and salts had acute oral toxicity LD50s as low as 250 mg/kg body weight.
 
moderate
 
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). 2005. Draft risk assessment of the potential human health effects associated with exposure to perfluorooctanoic acid and salts. SAB Review Draft.
PERFLUOROOCTANOIC ACID
A Science Advisory Board review of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency draft risk assessment of perfluorooctanoic acid and its salts finds these substances to be probable human carcinogens.
 
moderate
 
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). 2006. SAB Review of EPA’s Draft Risk Assessment of Potential Human Health Effects Associated with PFOA and Its Salts.
PERFLUOROOCTANOIC ACID
A draft risk assessment from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency found suggestive evidence that perfluorooctanoic acids and salts can cause cancer; this designation has not been finalized.
 
moderate
 
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). 2005. Draft risk assessment of the potential human health effects associated with exposure to perfluorooctanoic acid and salts. SAB Review Draft.
PERFLUOROOCTANOIC ACID
A draft risk assessment from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency reported that chronic exposure to perfluorooctanoic acids and salts may be toxic to the immune system.
 
moderate
 
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). 2005. Draft risk assessment of the potential human health effects associated with exposure to perfluorooctanoic acid and salts. SAB Review Draft.
PERFLUOROOCTANOIC ACID
A draft risk assessment from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency reported that chronic exposure to perfluorooctanoic acids and salts can harm the liver.
 
moderate
 
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). 2005. Draft risk assessment of the potential human health effects associated with exposure to perfluorooctanoic acid and salts. SAB Review Draft.
PERFLUOROOCTANOIC ACID
A draft risk assessment from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency found evidence that perfluorooctanoic acids and salts may change hormone levels in humans.
 
moderate
 
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). 2005. Draft risk assessment of the potential human health effects associated with exposure to perfluorooctanoic acid and salts. SAB Review Draft.
PERFLUOROOCTANOIC ACID
A draft risk assessment from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency reported that perfluorooctanoic acids and salts were not mutagenic.
 
low
 
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). 2005. Draft risk assessment of the potential human health effects associated with exposure to perfluorooctanoic acid and salts. SAB Review Draft.
 
 
About the ratings About the ratings
EWG provides information on cleaning product ingredients from the published scientific... continue reading →
EWG provides information on cleaning product ingredients from published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors that determine actual health risks, if any. (Hide)
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