D&C Black No. 2 (Ci 77266)
- Products with this ingredient are allowed for use in EWG VERIFIED but must meet use restrictions and warnings based on EWG review of company data.
- This ingredient’s score is higher if used in products that are inhalable (e.g., sprays, powders) because of respiratory concerns.
- Products with the EWG VERIFIED mark have met the program’s impurity and use restrictions based on EWG's review of the company's data.
Other ConcernsUse restrictions (high), Neurotoxicity (low), Endocrine disruption (low), Persistence and bioaccumulation (moderate), Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate), and Contamination concerns (high)
Restricted - Unaccpetable
The score of this ingredient can vary from Restricted to Unacceptable based on the method of product consumption. For instance, when used in aerosol-based products, this ingredient may pose a risk to respiratory health, leading to a higher score
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See how this product scores for common concerns.
MODERATEAllergies & Immunotoxicity
MODERATEDevelopmental and Reproductive Toxicity
- DATA SOURCES
Products with this Ingredient
|eye liner||348 products|
|nail polish||262 products|
|eye shadow||154 products|
|brow liner||89 products|
|eyelash glue||15 products|
|hair color and bleaching||9 products|
|facial powder||5 products|
|nail treatment||4 products|
|lip liner||3 products|
|hair styling aide||3 products|
|nail glue||1 products|
|facial moisturizer/treatment||1 products|
|hair treatment/serum||1 products|
|bath oil/salts/soak||1 products|
|setting powder/spray||1 products|
|around-eye cream||1 products|
|other eye makeup||1 products|
|bar soap||1 products|
|Violation of government restrictions - Restricted in cosmetics; use, concentration, or manufacturing restrictions - any||Open scientific literature|
|Determined safe for use in cosmetics, subject to concentration or use limitations - any||Open scientific literature|
Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)
|Possible human any toxicant||Open scientific literature|
|Classified as a high human health priority||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
|Classified as expected to be toxic or harmful||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
|Possible human respiratory toxicant||CHE Toxicant and Disease Database|
|Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmful||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
|Cancer - strong evidence||Scorecard.org Toxicity Information|
|Possible human carcinogen||California EPA Proposition 65|
|Limited evidence of carcinogenicity||Int'l Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) - Carcinogens|
|Possible mutagen||Open scientific literature|
|Possible human immune and respiratory toxicant or allergen||Open scientific literature|
Persistence and bioaccumulation
|Persistent or bioaccumulative and moderate to high toxicity concern in humans||Open scientific literature|
|Not suspected to be bioaccumulative||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
|Limited evidence of developmental/reproductive toxicity||Open scientific literature|
|One or more animal studies show any effects at moderate doses||Open scientific literature|
|Associated with endocrine disruption||Open scientific literature|
|Not suspected to be an environmental toxin||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
|471 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemical||NLM PubMed|
|Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - any||Open scientific literature|
- Open scientific/peer reviewed literature
- EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
- CHE (The Collaborative on Health and the Environment). 2006. Toxicant and Disease Database.
- ED (Environmental Defense). 2006. Scorecard _ The Pollution Information Site. http://www.scorecard.org.
- California EPA (California Environmental Protection Agency). 9/2008. Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment. Safe Drinking Water and Toxic Enforcement Act of 1986. Chemicals known to the State to cause cancer or reproductive toxicity.
- IARC (International Agency for Research on Cancer). 2008. Overall Evaluations of Carcinogenicity to Humans, as evaluated in IARC Monographs Volumes 1-99 (a total of 935 agents, mixtures and exposures).
- NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data. http://www.pubmed.gov.
Cosmetics and personal care products are not required to be tested for safety before being allowed on the market. The Skin Deep® scoring system was designed to help the public understand whether a product is safe to use or whether it contains ingredients of concern.
Every product and ingredient in Skin Deep gets a two-part score – one for hazard and one for data availability. The safest products score well by both measures, with a low hazard rating and a fair or better data availability rating.HOW WE DETERMINE SCORES
The Skin Deep ingredient hazard score, from 1 to 10, reflects known and suspected hazards linked to the ingredients. The EWG VERIFIED™ mark means a product meets EWG’s strictest criteria for transparency and health.
The Skin Deep data availability rating reflects the number of scientific studies about the product or ingredient in the published scientific literature.