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Data: Limited


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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facial moisturizer/treatment9 products
moisturizer4 products
antiperspirant/deodorant4 products
serums & essences4 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)4 products
hand cream3 products
bar soap2 products
exfoliant/scrub2 products
hand sanitizer2 products
makeup remover2 products
mask2 products
toothpaste2 products
foot moisturizer1 products
body wash/cleanser1 products
cuticle treatment1 products
nail treatment1 products
facial cleanser1 products
body oil1 products
toners/astringents1 products
damaged skin treatment1 products
detangler1 products
shampoo1 products
tooth whitening1 products
hair treatment/serum1 products

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
21 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Data Sources

  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer