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Data: Limited

Sodium Levulinate

IMAGE SOURCE: PubChem

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Other Concerns


SYNONYMS

4-OXO- SODIUM SALT PENTANOIC ACID, PENTANOIC ACID, 4-OXO-, SODIUM SALT, PENTANOIC ACID, 4OXO, SODIUM SALT, SODIUM 4-OXOVALERATE, SODIUM LEVULINATE, and SODIUM SALT PENTANOIC ACID, 4-OXO-

Restricted

Restricted: EWG VERIFIED products cannot contain this ingredient without adequate substantiation


Sodium Levulinate is a sodium salt of Levulinic Acid (q.v.).

Common concerns

See how this product scores for common concerns.

  • LOW
    Cancer
  • LOW
    Allergies & Immunotoxicity
  • LOW
    Developmental and Reproductive Toxicity
  • LOW
    Use Restrictions

Ingredient concerns

  • CONCERNS
  • DATA SOURCES

Products with this Ingredient

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facial moisturizer/treatment77 products
moisturizer62 products
mask48 products
facial cleanser38 products
hand cream34 products
serums & essences32 products
shampoo30 products
conditioner25 products
exfoliant/scrub15 products
toners/astringents14 products
around-eye cream13 products
makeup remover12 products
body wash/cleanser12 products
11 products
baby lotion9 products
baby soap9 products
baby bubble bath9 products
body spray9 products
anti-aging8 products
baby shampoo8 products
baby wipes5 products
daily use with SPF4 products
hair treatment/serum4 products
mascara4 products
bubble bath4 products
blush4 products
diaper cream3 products
bronzer/highlighter3 products
makeup primer2 products
antiperspirant/deodorant2 products
sunless tanning2 products
liquid hand soap2 products
body firming lotion2 products
after sun product2 products
shaving cream1 products
facial powder1 products
foot moisturizer1 products
skin fading/lightener1 products

Informational

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyOpen scientific literature

Ecotoxicology

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data gaps

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CONCERN REFERENCE
214 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed
  • Open scientific/peer reviewed literature
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data. http://www.pubmed.gov.

Understanding scores

Cosmetics and personal care products are not required to be tested for safety before being allowed on the market. The Skin Deep® scoring system was designed to help the public understand whether a product is safe to use or whether it contains ingredients of concern.

Every product and ingredient in Skin Deep gets a two-part score – one for hazard and one for data availability. The safest products score well by both measures, with a low hazard rating and a fair or better data availability rating.

HOW WE DETERMINE SCORES

Hazard score

The Skin Deep ingredient hazard score, from 1 to 10, reflects known and suspected hazards linked to the ingredients. The EWG VERIFIED™ mark means a product meets EWG’s strictest criteria for transparency and health.

Score legend

Data availability

The Skin Deep data availability rating reflects the number of scientific studies about the product or ingredient in the published scientific literature.

NONE LIMITED FAIR GOOD ROBUST
Low Availability
Moderate Availability
High Availability

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