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JUNIPERUS COMMUNIS (JUNIPER)

Score:

Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Use restrictions (low), Endocrine disruption (low), Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (low), and Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs) (low)

Cancer

Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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bath oil/salts/soak5 products
body wash/cleanser5 products
bar soap3 products
body oil2 products
facial moisturizer/treatment2 products
hand cream1 products
vapor rubs1 products
bubble bath1 products

Allergies/immunotoxicity

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Concern Reference
Sensitization to J. communalis derivatives has been reported in humansSebastiano Gangemi, Paola L Minciullo, Marco Miroddi, Ioanna Chinou, Gioacchino Calapai & Richard J. Schmidt. 2015. Contact dermatitis as an adverse reaction to some topically used European herbal medicinal products - part 2: Echinacea purpurea-Lavandula angustifolia. Contact dermatitis 72(4), 193-205.
Classified as may causea an allergic skin reaction.European Chemicals Agency (ECHA) 2020. GHS Data from ECHA Website. Appears as: ; cas_numbers: 84603-69-0

Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs)

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Concern Reference
Classified as causes skin irritation.European Chemicals Agency (ECHA) 2020. GHS Data from ECHA Website. Appears as: ; cas_numbers: 84603-69-0

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as may be fatal if swallowed and enters airways.European Chemicals Agency (ECHA) 2020. GHS Data from ECHA Website. Appears as: ; cas_numbers: 84603-69-0

Developmental/reproductive toxicity

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Concern Reference
J. communis consumption caused abortion in cattle.D R. Gardner, K. E. Panter, L. F. James & B. L. Stegelmeier. 1998. Abortifacient effects of lodgepole pine (Pinus contorta) and common juniper (Juniperus communis) on cattle. Veterinary and human toxicology 40(5), 260-3.
J. communis exhibited reproductive toxicity in animal tests.Cosmetic Ingredient Review (CIR) 2015. CIR Assessments. Appears as: listid: CIR-0548; Chemical_Name: JUNIPERUS COMMUNIS FRUIT EXTRACT; ; ; Classification: QQQ03,QQQ12; QQQ50; R+;

Endocrine disruption

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Concern Reference
J. communis extract inhibited progesterone activity in mice.S Pathak, R. K. Tewari & A. O. Prakash. 1990. Hormonal properties of ethanolic extract of juniperus communis linn. Ancient science of life 10(2), 106-13.

Use restrictions

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Concern Reference
Determined safe for use in cosmetics, subject to concentration or use limitations - Restrictions on impurities recommended by industry safety panelCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Ecotoxicology

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Concern Reference
Classified as toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects.European Chemicals Agency (ECHA) 2020. GHS Data from ECHA Website. Appears as: ; cas_numbers: 84603-69-0

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Insufficient data to determine safetyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
Safety assessment was based on related chemicalCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
543 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status

Data Sources

  • Sebastiano Gangemi, Paola L Minciullo, Marco Miroddi, Ioanna Chinou, Gioacchino Calapai & Richard J. Schmidt. 2015. Contact dermatitis as an adverse reaction to some topically used European herbal medicinal products - part 2: Echinacea purpurea-Lavandula angustifolia. Contact dermatitis 72(4), 193-205.
  • European Chemicals Agency (ECHA) 2020. GHS Data from ECHA Website. Appears as: ; cas_numbers: 84603-69-0
  • D R. Gardner, K. E. Panter, L. F. James & B. L. Stegelmeier. 1998. Abortifacient effects of lodgepole pine (Pinus contorta) and common juniper (Juniperus communis) on cattle. Veterinary and human toxicology 40(5), 260-3.
  • Cosmetic Ingredient Review (CIR) 2015. CIR Assessments. Appears as: listid: CIR-0548; Chemical_Name: JUNIPERUS COMMUNIS FRUIT EXTRACT; ; ; Classification: QQQ03,QQQ12; QQQ50; R+;
  • S Pathak, R. K. Tewari & A. O. Prakash. 1990. Hormonal properties of ethanolic extract of juniperus communis linn. Ancient science of life 10(2), 106-13.
  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data. http://www.pubmed.gov.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from http://www.cfsan.fda.gov/%7Edms/opa-appa.html, Oct 16, 2006.

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