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Data: Fair

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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foundation21 products
moisturizer14 products
shampoo11 products
facial moisturizer/treatment8 products
body firming lotion7 products
hand cream6 products
lip gloss5 products
body wash/cleanser4 products
facial cleanser3 products
makeup primer3 products
baby lotion3 products
exfoliant/scrub2 products
conditioner2 products
shaving cream (men's)1 products
lipstick1 products
diaper cream1 products
shaving cream1 products
moisturizer with SPF1 products
liquid hand soap1 products
around-eye cream1 products
baby shampoo1 products
detangler1 products
makeup remover1 products
after shave1 products


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Concern Reference
Limited or incomplete evidence of cancer according to safety/hazard data – scientific review cannot classify as human carcinogen due to data gapsEWG Assessment of Open Scientific Literature

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
1047 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyIJT 20(S2):31-39, 2001; final report 06/2013 available from CIR

Data Sources

  • EWG Assessment of Open Scientific Literature
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • IJT 20(S2):31-39, 2001; final report 06/2013 available from CIR


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer