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Data: Fair


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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toothpaste173 products
mouthwash65 products
facial moisturizer/treatment49 products
mask24 products
serums & essences24 products
moisturizer22 products
tooth whitening18 products
shampoo18 products
facial cleanser18 products
around-eye cream14 products
baby toothpaste13 products
toners/astringents12 products
body firming lotion12 products
makeup remover12 products
daily use with SPF12 products
body wash/cleanser10 products
conditioner10 products
makeup primer10 products
hair treatment/serum9 products
recreational sunscreen8 products
bronzer/highlighter8 products
shaving cream6 products
exfoliant/scrub5 products
hair styling aide4 products
body oil4 products
hand cream4 products
sunless tanning4 products
shaving cream (men's)3 products
CC cream3 products
BB cream3 products
lip balm3 products
anti-aging3 products
2 products
eye makeup remover2 products
bar soap2 products
liquid hand soap2 products
hair spray2 products
styling gel/lotion2 products
skin fading/lightener2 products
hand sanitizer1 products
detangler1 products
after shave1 products
hair-loss treatment1 products
foot cleansing1 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)1 products
after sun product1 products

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
3285 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food

Data Sources

  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from, Oct 16, 2006.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer