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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Enhanced skin absorption


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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foundation276 products
lipstick194 products
concealer121 products
lip gloss65 products
daily use with SPF52 products
mascara51 products
lip plumper47 products
lip balm29 products
moisturizer17 products
hair styling aide16 products
lip liner12 products
makeup primer12 products
bronzer/highlighter12 products
brow liner12 products
antiperspirant/deodorant8 products
recreational sunscreen8 products
body firming lotion7 products
eye shadow6 products
facial moisturizer/treatment6 products
lip balm with SPF5 products
facial powder5 products
mask5 products
styling gel/lotion5 products
other eye makeup5 products
BB cream4 products
around-eye cream4 products
hand cream3 products
serums & essences3 products
diaper cream3 products
baby sunscreen3 products
hair treatment/serum3 products
blush2 products
beard care2 products
after sun product2 products
setting powder/spray1 products
skin fading/lightener1 products
1 products
damaged skin treatment1 products
hair color and bleaching1 products
exfoliant/scrub1 products
facial cleanser1 products
oil controller1 products
makeup remover1 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)1 products

Enhanced skin absorption

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Concern Reference
Penetration enhancerCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
142 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Uncertain environmental toxin and uncertain persistent or bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


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