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IRON OXIDES

Score:

Data: Fair

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Enhanced skin absorption, Persistence and bioaccumulation (high), and Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (low)

Cancer

Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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lipstick5664 products
foundation5372 products
eye shadow3136 products
concealer2409 products
bronzer/highlighter1522 products
eye liner1440 products
lip gloss1278 products
blush1268 products
brow liner1207 products
facial powder861 products
lip liner771 products
mascara667 products
moisturizer with SPF422 products
lip balm368 products
nail polish297 products
makeup primer276 products
setting powder/spray213 products
BB cream178 products
mask139 products
133 products
beach & sport sunscreen131 products
CC cream113 products
hair color and bleaching96 products
lip plumper79 products
serums & essences79 products
facial moisturizer/treatment74 products
bar soap71 products
exfoliant/scrub64 products
other eye makeup57 products
lip balm with SPF54 products
glitter46 products
facial cleanser42 products
shampoo42 products
body wash/cleanser40 products
around-eye cream38 products
anti-aging23 products
bath oil/salts/soak21 products
moisturizer15 products
hair styling aide13 products
conditioner9 products
body oil9 products
pore strips6 products
body firming lotion5 products
eyelash glue5 products
hair treatment/serum5 products
fragrance for women5 products
styling gel/lotion4 products
depilatory4 products
nail treatment4 products
body spray4 products
fragrance for men4 products
foot cleansing3 products
baby sunscreen3 products
bubble bath3 products
oil controller2 products
hair spray2 products
toners/astringents2 products
styling mousse/foam2 products
tanning oil2 products
toothpaste1 products
liquid hand soap1 products
sunless tanning1 products
body powder1 products
makeup remover1 products
damaged skin treatment1 products
mouthwash1 products
shaving cream (men's)1 products

Enhanced skin absorption

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Concern Reference
Suspected nano-scale ingredients with potential to absorb into the skinNanomaterial Database

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Persistent, bioaccumulative in wildlife and humansNational Library of Medicine HazMap
Persistent, bioaccumulative in wildlifeNational Library of Medicine HazMap
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Limited evidence of respiratory toxicityKlaassen, C, M. Amdur and J. Doull (eds.). Casarett and Doull
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Classified as a low human health priorityEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Cancer

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Concern Reference
Limited or incomplete evidence of cancer according to safety/hazard data – government assessment cannot classify as human carcinogen due to data gapsWorld Health Organization, International Agency for Research on Cancer IARC Monographs Programme on the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risks to Humans. Lists of Group 1, 2a, and 2b substances can be obtained. http://monographs.iarc.fr/ENG/Classification/index.php; Vol 1, Suppl. 7 ;1987

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
9326 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Ecotoxicology

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food

Informational

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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - Color additive approved by FDA for use in cosmeticsFDA Color Additive Status
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - Color Additives - Exempt from Batch Certification by the U.S. Food and Drug AdministrationCTFA International Cosmetic Ingredient Dictionary and Handbook

Data Sources

  • NanoWerk. 2007. Nanomaterial Database. Available online: http://www.nanowerk.com/phpscripts/n_dbsearch.php
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2006. HazMap — Occupational Exposure to Hazardous Agents.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • Klaassen, C, M. Amdur and J. Doull (eds.). Casarett and Doull
  • World Health Organization, International Agency for Research on Cancer IARC Monographs Programme on the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risks to Humans. Lists of Group 1, 2a, and 2b substances can be obtained. http://monographs.iarc.fr/ENG/Classification/index.php; Vol 1, Suppl. 7 ;1987
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data. http://www.pubmed.gov.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition. Color Additive Status List. September 2006.
  • CTFA (Cosmetic, Toiletry and Fragrance Association). 2006. International Cosmetic Ingredient Dictionary and Handbook, 11th Edition. Color Additive Information. Washington, DC.

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EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer

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