Menu Close Menu




Data: Fair

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Enhanced skin absorption, Persistence and bioaccumulation (high), and Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (low)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

Expand content Collapse content
foundation7740 products
lipstick7683 products
eye shadow4023 products
concealer3881 products
lip gloss2409 products
brow liner2272 products
eye liner2221 products
blush1984 products
bronzer/highlighter1984 products
lip liner1297 products
facial powder1118 products
mascara1103 products
lip balm966 products
nail polish862 products
daily use with SPF522 products
setting powder/spray403 products
makeup primer340 products
CC cream315 products
BB cream288 products
mask214 products
189 products
hair color and bleaching171 products
lip plumper168 products
bar soap164 products
recreational sunscreen141 products
facial moisturizer/treatment115 products
lip balm with SPF113 products
exfoliant/scrub106 products
around-eye cream97 products
glitter87 products
shampoo81 products
serums & essences79 products
body oil75 products
body wash/cleanser57 products
facial cleanser54 products
bath oil/salts/soak50 products
moisturizer44 products
anti-aging32 products
hair styling aide29 products
sunless tanning22 products
body powder18 products
conditioner13 products
other eye makeup9 products
nail treatment8 products
eyelash glue8 products
hair treatment/serum8 products
styling gel/lotion7 products
skin fading/lightener7 products
liquid hand soap6 products
pore strips6 products
bubble bath6 products
oil controller5 products
body firming lotion5 products
makeup remover5 products
body art5 products
hair spray4 products
toners/astringents4 products
body spray4 products
fragrance for men4 products
depilatory3 products
hand sanitizer3 products
muscle/joint soreness3 products
baby sunscreen3 products
foot cleansing2 products
styling mousse/foam2 products
nail glue2 products
toothpaste1 products
hand cream1 products
hair-loss treatment1 products
shaving cream1 products
tanning oil1 products
damaged skin treatment1 products
after shave1 products
antiperspirant/deodorant1 products
shaving cream (men's)1 products

Enhanced skin absorption

Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
Suspected nano-scale ingredients with potential to absorb into the skinNanomaterial Database

Persistence and bioaccumulation

Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
Persistent, bioaccumulative in wildlife and humansNational Library of Medicine HazMap
Persistent, bioaccumulative in wildlifeNational Library of Medicine HazMap
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
Limited evidence of respiratory Toxicity Information
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Classified as a low human health priorityEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List


Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Multiple, additive exposure sources

Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food

Data gaps

Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
9326 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - Color Additives - Exempt from Batch Certification by the U.S. Food and Drug AdministrationCTFA International Cosmetic Ingredient Dictionary and Handbook
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - Color additive approved by FDA for use in cosmeticsFDA Color Additive Status


Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
Limited or incomplete evidence of cancer according to safety/hazard data – government assessment cannot classify as human carcinogen due to data gapsInt'l Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) - Carcinogens

Data Sources

  • NanoWerk. 2007. Nanomaterial Database. Available online:
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2006. HazMap — Occupational Exposure to Hazardous Agents.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • ED (Environmental Defense). 2006. Scorecard _ The Pollution Information Site.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • CTFA (Cosmetic, Toiletry and Fragrance Association). 2006. International Cosmetic Ingredient Dictionary and Handbook, 11th Edition. Color Additive Information. Washington, DC.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition. Color Additive Status List. September 2006.
  • IARC (International Agency for Research on Cancer). 2008. Overall Evaluations of Carcinogenicity to Humans, as evaluated in IARC Monographs Volumes 1-99 (a total of 935 agents, mixtures and exposures).


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer