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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (high)


Cancer concern is MODERATE

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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moisturizer26 products
body wash/cleanser17 products
liquid hand soap14 products
conditioner13 products
shampoo12 products
facial moisturizer/treatment11 products
exfoliant/scrub8 products
hair treatment/serum6 products
styling gel/lotion6 products
mask5 products
lip balm4 products
hair styling aide4 products
serums & essences3 products
anti-aging2 products
body firming lotion2 products
bar soap2 products
hand sanitizer2 products
daily use with SPF1 products
makeup primer1 products
tanning oil1 products
diaper cream1 products
bubble bath1 products
damaged skin treatment1 products
shaving cream (men's)1 products
lip balm with SPF1 products
bath oil/salts/soak1 products
after sun product1 products
around-eye cream1 products

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Known human any toxicantOpen scientific literature
Known human any toxicantOpen scientific literature
Limited evidence of any toxicityFDA Dietary Supplement Concerns


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Concern Reference
Possible human carcinogenOpen scientific literature
One or more animal studies show tumor formation at low dosesOpen scientific literature
One or more in vitro tests on mammalian cells show positive mutation resultsOpen scientific literature

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
69 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Data Sources

  • Open scientific/peer reviewed literature
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 1993. Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition. Unsubstantiated Claims and Documented Health Hazards in the Dietary Supplement Marketplace. Illnesses and Injuries Associated With the Use of Selected Dietary Supplements.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


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