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Data: Robust

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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foundation78 products
bath oil/salts/soak77 products
exfoliant/scrub72 products
body wash/cleanser36 products
bar soap34 products
shampoo31 products
toothpaste30 products
mask23 products
facial cleanser17 products
concealer16 products
hair styling aide15 products
hair treatment/serum13 products
facial moisturizer/treatment13 products
moisturizer11 products
serums & essences11 products
conditioner10 products
hair spray9 products
mouthwash9 products
baby soap7 products
baby shampoo6 products
toners/astringents6 products
liquid hand soap6 products
body firming lotion6 products
daily use with SPF5 products
around-eye cream5 products
CC cream5 products
makeup primer3 products
styling mousse/foam3 products
baby lotion3 products
makeup remover3 products
hand cream2 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)2 products
tooth whitening2 products
baby bubble bath2 products
hair color and bleaching1 products
bronzer/highlighter1 products
recreational sunscreen1 products
antiperspirant/deodorant1 products
body oil1 products
hair relaxer1 products
lip balm1 products
hand sanitizer1 products
shaving cream1 products
bubble bath1 products
styling gel/lotion1 products

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
294514 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Classified as a low human health priorityEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from, Oct 16, 2006.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer