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Data: Limited


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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eye shadow36 products
moisturizer20 products
facial moisturizer/treatment16 products
facial cleanser9 products
bath oil/salts/soak8 products
shampoo7 products
blush7 products
hair treatment/serum6 products
exfoliant/scrub4 products
foundation4 products
anti-aging4 products
mask3 products
serums & essences3 products
body wash/cleanser3 products
toners/astringents3 products
conditioner3 products
antiperspirant/deodorant3 products
around-eye cream3 products
hand cream2 products
bar soap2 products
fragrance for women2 products
beard oil2 products
styling gel/lotion2 products
baby lotion2 products
shaving cream2 products
mascara2 products
body oil1 products
body spray1 products
beach & sport sunscreen1 products
baby shampoo1 products
after shave1 products
mouthwash1 products
eye liner1 products
hair color and bleaching1 products
hair-loss treatment1 products
lip balm1 products
lipstick1 products
facial powder1 products
makeup remover1 products
baby soap1 products
concealer1 products
after sun product1 products
moisturizer with SPF1 products
BB cream1 products
hair styling aide1 products
makeup with SPF1 products

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
543 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food

Data Sources

  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from, Oct 16, 2006.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer