Menu Close Menu




Data: Limited


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

Expand content Collapse content
hair treatment/serum16 products
bath oil/salts/soak12 products
facial moisturizer/treatment10 products
shampoo9 products
facial cleanser7 products
hair styling aide6 products
toners/astringents5 products
body firming lotion5 products
mask4 products
moisturizer4 products
serums & essences3 products
exfoliant/scrub3 products
body wash/cleanser3 products
bar soap3 products
conditioner2 products
lip balm2 products
hair-loss treatment2 products
baby soap2 products
beard oil2 products
styling gel/lotion1 products
bronzer/highlighter1 products
body oil1 products
foot moisturizer1 products
daily use with SPF1 products
antiperspirant/deodorant1 products
hair color and bleaching1 products
toothpaste1 products
recreational sunscreen1 products
hair spray1 products
hand cream1 products

Data gaps

Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
543 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Multiple, additive exposure sources

Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food

Data Sources

  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from, Oct 16, 2006.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer