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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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foundation39 products
moisturizer35 products
facial moisturizer/treatment30 products
shampoo25 products
bar soap22 products
body wash/cleanser21 products
concealer18 products
facial cleanser15 products
mask15 products
serums & essences15 products
fragrance for women15 products
exfoliant/scrub13 products
bronzer/highlighter12 products
antiperspirant/deodorant11 products
bath oil/salts/soak10 products
blush10 products
conditioner9 products
fragrance for men8 products
hair treatment/serum7 products
body spray6 products
makeup primer6 products
lipstick6 products
shaving cream5 products
body oil5 products
after shave5 products
other men's products5 products
hand cream4 products
moisturizer with SPF3 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)3 products
liquid hand soap3 products
anti-aging3 products
styling gel/lotion3 products
toners/astringents2 products
makeup remover2 products
foot moisturizer2 products
after sun product2 products
hair styling aide2 products
beard oil2 products
baby lotion2 products
baby soap1 products
foot odor control1 products
body powder1 products
foot cleansing1 products
cuticle treatment1 products
hair spray1 products
oil controller1 products
around-eye cream1 products
beach & sport sunscreen1 products
baby shampoo1 products
hand sanitizer1 products

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
137 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer