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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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foundation40 products
facial moisturizer/treatment36 products
moisturizer35 products
bar soap33 products
shampoo33 products
antiperspirant/deodorant24 products
body wash/cleanser23 products
serums & essences22 products
bath oil/salts/soak22 products
concealer18 products
body oil18 products
conditioner16 products
mask16 products
facial cleanser15 products
fragrance for women15 products
exfoliant/scrub14 products
hair treatment/serum13 products
bronzer/highlighter12 products
hand cream11 products
blush10 products
body spray9 products
hair styling aide8 products
fragrance for men8 products
makeup primer7 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)6 products
lipstick6 products
shaving cream6 products
bubble bath5 products
beard oil5 products
hand sanitizer5 products
anti-aging4 products
body firming lotion4 products
after shave4 products
styling gel/lotion3 products
liquid hand soap3 products
baby lotion3 products
makeup remover3 products
daily use with SPF2 products
BB cream2 products
2 products
hair spray2 products
around-eye cream1 products
cuticle treatment1 products
baby shampoo1 products
body powder1 products
baby soap1 products
toners/astringents1 products
recreational sunscreen1 products
setting powder/spray1 products
muscle/joint soreness1 products
foot cleansing1 products
hair-loss treatment1 products
foot odor control1 products
lip balm1 products

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
137 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


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