Other ConcernsEndocrine disruption (moderate) and Multiple, additive exposure sources (low)
SYNONYMS4-HYDROXY- BENZOIC ACID, 4-HYDROXYBENZOIC ACID, BENZOIC ACID, 4-HYDROXY-, BENZOIC ACID, 4HYDROXY, P-CARBOXYPHENOL, P-HYDROXYBENZOIC ACID, P-HYDROXYBENZOIC ACID; P-HYDROXYBENZOIC ACID, P-SALICYCLIC ACID, PARABEN, and PARABENS
Unacceptable: EWG VERIFIED products cannot contain this ingredient
4-Hydroxybenzoic Acid is an aromatic acid.
See how this product scores for common concerns.
LOWAllergies & Immunotoxicity
LOWDevelopmental and Reproductive Toxicity
- DATA SOURCES
Products with this Ingredient
|Human endocrine disruptor - strong evidence||European Commission on Endocrine Disruption|
Multiple, additive exposure sources
|Used in food or as an additive with limited or no toxicity information available||FDA Everything Added to Food|
|2417 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemical||NLM PubMed|
|Not suspected to be an environmental toxin||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)
|Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmful||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
Persistence and bioaccumulation
|Not suspected to be persistent||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
|Not suspected to be bioaccumulative||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
- EU (European Union)- Strategy for Endocrine Disrupters 2007. Commision on endocrin disruption requested by the European Parliament in 1998.
- FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.
- NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data. http://www.pubmed.gov.
- EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
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