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Data: Fair

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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mascara217 products
facial moisturizer/treatment146 products
lipstick120 products
body wash/cleanser101 products
shaving cream100 products
facial cleanser75 products
moisturizer61 products
around-eye cream42 products
daily use with SPF41 products
eye shadow39 products
brow liner37 products
mask35 products
concealer33 products
shaving cream (men's)32 products
blush30 products
lip gloss29 products
foundation27 products
hand cream25 products
makeup primer20 products
anti-aging19 products
exfoliant/scrub18 products
hair styling aide14 products
recreational sunscreen14 products
serums & essences14 products
eye liner13 products
conditioner11 products
BB cream11 products
liquid hand soap11 products
body firming lotion11 products
bar soap10 products
9 products
bath oil/salts/soak8 products
sunless tanning8 products
hair treatment/serum8 products
bronzer/highlighter7 products
after shave5 products
CC cream5 products
antiperspirant/deodorant5 products
lip liner5 products
shampoo5 products
foot moisturizer4 products
facial powder4 products
baby lotion4 products
lip balm4 products
toners/astringents3 products
styling gel/lotion3 products
after sun product2 products
skin fading/lightener2 products
baby sunscreen2 products
foot cleansing1 products
glitter1 products
makeup remover1 products
body art1 products
lip balm with SPF1 products
oil controller1 products
hair color and bleaching1 products
lip plumper1 products
bubble bath1 products


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Concern Reference
Suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
8776 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments


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Concern Reference
Not likely to be carcinogenic in humansEPA Water Disinfection By-Products Carcinogenicity

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Classified as a low human health priorityEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from, Oct 16, 2006.
  • EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 2006. EPA Water Disinfection By-Products with Carcinogenicity Estimates. Last updated: 10 April 2006.


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