SYNONYMSCETYLIC ACID, HEXADECANOIC ACID, N-HEXADECANOIC ACID, and PALMITIC ACID
Restricted: EWG VERIFIED products cannot contain this ingredient without adequate substantiation
Palmitic acid is a naturally occurring fatty acid.
See how this product scores for common concerns.
LOWAllergies & Immunotoxicity
LOWDevelopmental and Reproductive Toxicity
- DATA SOURCES
Products with this Ingredient
|facial moisturizer/treatment||154 products|
|body wash/cleanser||111 products|
|shaving cream||76 products|
|facial cleanser||75 products|
|eye shadow||41 products|
|daily use with SPF||41 products|
|around-eye cream||40 products|
|brow liner||32 products|
|hand cream||30 products|
|liquid hand soap||23 products|
|shaving cream (men's)||22 products|
|BB cream||20 products|
|makeup primer||19 products|
|serums & essences||16 products|
|body firming lotion||14 products|
|recreational sunscreen||13 products|
|hair styling aide||13 products|
|eye liner||12 products|
|lip gloss||10 products|
|bar soap||9 products|
|bath oil/salts/soak||8 products|
|sunless tanning||7 products|
|hair treatment/serum||6 products|
|CC cream||5 products|
|lip liner||5 products|
|hand sanitizer||4 products|
|lip balm||4 products|
|baby lotion||4 products|
|styling gel/lotion||3 products|
|antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)||3 products|
|lip plumper||3 products|
|foot moisturizer||3 products|
|after shave||3 products|
|after sun product||2 products|
|baby sunscreen||2 products|
|foot cleansing||2 products|
|skin fading/lightener||2 products|
|makeup remover||1 products|
|body art||1 products|
|bubble bath||1 products|
|oil controller||1 products|
|lip balm with SPF||1 products|
|facial powder||1 products|
|hair color and bleaching||1 products|
|Suspected to be an environmental toxin||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
|Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in product||Cosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments|
|8776 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemical||NLM PubMed|
Multiple, additive exposure sources
|Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in food||FDA Everything Added to Food|
|Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in food||FDA Food Additive Status|
|Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - any||Cosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments|
|Not likely to be carcinogenic in humans||EPA Water Disinfection By-Products Carcinogenicity|
Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)
|Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmful||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
|Classified as a low human health priority||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
Persistence and bioaccumulation
|Not suspected to be persistent||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
|Not suspected to be bioaccumulative||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
- EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
- CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
- NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data. http://www.pubmed.gov.
- FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.
- FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from http://www.cfsan.fda.gov/%7Edms/opa-appa.html, Oct 16, 2006.
- EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 2006. EPA Water Disinfection By-Products with Carcinogenicity Estimates. Last updated: 10 April 2006.
Cosmetics and personal care products are not required to be tested for safety before being allowed on the market. The Skin Deep® scoring system was designed to help the public understand whether a product is safe to use or whether it contains ingredients of concern.
Every product and ingredient in Skin Deep gets a two-part score – one for hazard and one for data availability. The safest products score well by both measures, with a low hazard rating and a fair or better data availability rating.HOW WE DETERMINE SCORES
The Skin Deep ingredient hazard score, from 1 to 10, reflects known and suspected hazards linked to the ingredients. The EWG VERIFIED™ mark means a product meets EWG’s strictest criteria for transparency and health.
The Skin Deep data availability rating reflects the number of scientific studies about the product or ingredient in the published scientific literature.