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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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facial moisturizer/treatment104 products
conditioner52 products
serums & essences41 products
moisturizer37 products
exfoliant/scrub33 products
foundation31 products
around-eye cream24 products
mask23 products
hair treatment/serum18 products
baby lotion16 products
body oil16 products
lip gloss15 products
facial cleanser15 products
anti-aging14 products
shampoo7 products
daily use with SPF6 products
makeup remover6 products
recreational sunscreen6 products
hand cream5 products
damaged skin treatment5 products
concealer5 products
4 products
setting powder/spray4 products
lip balm4 products
diaper cream4 products
baby oil3 products
toners/astringents3 products
body firming lotion3 products
shaving cream3 products
hair color and bleaching3 products
hair styling aide2 products
bar soap2 products
muscle/joint soreness2 products
body wash/cleanser2 products
liquid hand soap2 products
beard oil2 products
makeup primer1 products
lip balm with SPF1 products
foot moisturizer1 products
fragrance for women1 products
cuticle treatment1 products
styling gel/lotion1 products
hair spray1 products
after shave1 products
nail treatment1 products

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
540 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Data Sources

  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


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