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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs) (moderate)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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lipstick1198 products
lip gloss459 products
lip balm253 products
foundation216 products
eye shadow133 products
bronzer/highlighter116 products
lip liner106 products
eye liner104 products
blush102 products
brow liner68 products
lip plumper64 products
moisturizer57 products
facial moisturizer/treatment43 products
daily use with SPF43 products
concealer34 products
antiperspirant/deodorant33 products
BB cream29 products
lip balm with SPF28 products
facial powder27 products
makeup remover24 products
makeup primer24 products
mascara20 products
19 products
recreational sunscreen18 products
hair color and bleaching16 products
mask13 products
shampoo12 products
conditioner12 products
facial cleanser11 products
serums & essences11 products
exfoliant/scrub10 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)10 products
hair treatment/serum9 products
hand cream9 products
bar soap9 products
anti-aging7 products
body wash/cleanser6 products
body oil6 products
hair styling aide5 products
body firming lotion5 products
around-eye cream4 products
baby soap3 products
baby sunscreen3 products
hair spray3 products
muscle/joint soreness3 products
foot moisturizer3 products
skin fading/lightener2 products
polish remover2 products
glitter2 products
after shave2 products
body spray2 products
baby lotion2 products
sunless tanning2 products
after sun product2 products
beard cleanser2 products
baby wipes1 products
diaper cream1 products
fragrance for men1 products
styling gel/lotion1 products
shaving cream (men's)1 products
tanning oil1 products
other eye makeup1 products

Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs)

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Concern Reference
Human any irritant - strong evidenceCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
24 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Data Sources

  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


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