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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs) (moderate)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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lipstick692 products
lip gloss199 products
foundation116 products
lip balm74 products
lip liner38 products
bronzer/highlighter34 products
brow liner30 products
eye shadow28 products
facial moisturizer/treatment27 products
moisturizer with SPF26 products
moisturizer24 products
eye liner22 products
concealer20 products
serums & essences16 products
lip balm with SPF14 products
beach & sport sunscreen14 products
blush12 products
lip plumper12 products
BB cream11 products
antiperspirant/deodorant9 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)9 products
mask8 products
anti-aging5 products
makeup remover5 products
hair treatment/serum5 products
makeup primer5 products
hand cream3 products
body firming lotion3 products
around-eye cream3 products
hair color and bleaching3 products
facial powder2 products
exfoliant/scrub2 products
shampoo2 products
conditioner2 products
sunless tanning2 products
styling gel/lotion2 products
body spray2 products
baby lotion1 products
shaving cream (men's)1 products
other eye makeup1 products
hair spray1 products
glitter1 products
fragrance for men1 products
facial cleanser1 products
after sun product1 products
after shave1 products
baby soap1 products
bar soap1 products
baby wipes1 products
mascara1 products

Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs)

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Concern Reference
Human any irritant - strong evidenceCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
24 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


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