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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs) (moderate)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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lipstick893 products
lip gloss288 products
foundation156 products
lip balm136 products
bronzer/highlighter60 products
lip liner58 products
eye liner54 products
eye shadow43 products
facial moisturizer/treatment41 products
moisturizer36 products
concealer35 products
blush34 products
brow liner33 products
lip plumper30 products
moisturizer with SPF29 products
antiperspirant/deodorant24 products
lip balm with SPF22 products
serums & essences19 products
17 products
BB cream16 products
makeup remover15 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)14 products
beach & sport sunscreen14 products
mask11 products
body firming lotion10 products
bar soap8 products
anti-aging7 products
hair treatment/serum6 products
makeup primer6 products
hair color and bleaching6 products
facial cleanser5 products
mascara5 products
conditioner5 products
hand cream5 products
around-eye cream5 products
baby soap3 products
polish remover3 products
exfoliant/scrub3 products
facial powder2 products
styling gel/lotion2 products
after sun product2 products
shampoo2 products
sunless tanning2 products
other eye makeup2 products
glitter2 products
baby lotion2 products
fragrance for men1 products
shaving cream (men's)1 products
foot moisturizer1 products
hair spray1 products
eye makeup remover1 products
beard cleanser1 products
body spray1 products
baby wipes1 products
after shave1 products
body wash/cleanser1 products

Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs)

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Concern Reference
Human any irritant - strong evidenceCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
24 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


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