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Data: Fair

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Use restrictions (moderate), Persistence and bioaccumulation (low), Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs) (low), and Biochemical or cellular level changes (high)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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recreational sunscreen507 products
daily use with SPF252 products
baby sunscreen59 products
lip balm with SPF48 products
fragrance for women23 products
body spray21 products
blush20 products
nail polish16 products
lip gloss15 products
tanning oil15 products
lipstick13 products
facial moisturizer/treatment13 products
foundation7 products
lip balm7 products
BB cream6 products
makeup primer6 products
moisturizer3 products
concealer3 products
conditioner2 products
setting powder/spray2 products
shampoo2 products
CC cream2 products
facial cleanser1 products
damaged skin treatment1 products
fragrance for men1 products
liquid hand soap1 products
1 products
body wash/cleanser1 products
facial powder1 products
serums & essences1 products
bronzer/highlighter1 products
sunless tanning1 products
hair treatment/serum1 products
anti-aging1 products
after shave1 products
around-eye cream1 products

Enhanced skin absorption

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Concern Reference
Absorbs into the skinOpen scientific literature

Biochemical or cellular level changes

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Concern Reference
Produces excess reactive oxygen species that can interfere with cellular signaling, cause mutations, lead to cell death and may be implicated in cardiovascular disease.Open scientific literature

Use restrictions

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Concern Reference
Restricted in cosmetics (recommendations or requirements) - use, concentration, or manufacturing restrictions - Japan - restricted for use in cosmetics (concentration limit)Japan's Standards for Cosmetics

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Ingredient is suspected or measured to accumulate in peopleOpen scientific literature
Found to be persistent and bioaccumulative in wildlifeOpen scientific literature
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs)

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Concern Reference
Limited evidence of skin irritationOpen scientific literature


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Concern Reference
Wildlife and environmental toxicityOpen scientific literature
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
14937 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Data Sources

  • Open scientific/peer reviewed literature
  • Japan Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare. 2006. Standards for Cosmetics. Evaluation and Licensing Division. Pharmaceutical and Food Safety Bureau.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.

About this Ingredient's Score Range

  • Products with the EWG VERIFIED mark have met use restrictions and warnings based on EWG review of company data.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer