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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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hair treatment/serum8 products
shampoo7 products
moisturizer7 products
facial moisturizer/treatment6 products
bath oil/salts/soak6 products
conditioner6 products
body wash/cleanser5 products
facial cleanser5 products
body oil4 products
mouthwash4 products
mask4 products
toothpaste4 products
antiperspirant/deodorant4 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)3 products
shaving cream (men's)3 products
liquid hand soap3 products
makeup primer2 products
hand sanitizer2 products
hair styling aide2 products
hand cream2 products
bar soap2 products
muscle/joint soreness2 products
shaving cream1 products
exfoliant/scrub1 products
tooth whitening1 products
toners/astringents1 products
1 products
foot moisturizer1 products
around-eye cream1 products
serums & essences1 products
after shave1 products
beard care1 products
styling gel/lotion1 products
fragrance for women1 products
anti-aging1 products

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
314 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer