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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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hair treatment/serum12 products
shampoo10 products
facial cleanser9 products
moisturizer9 products
facial moisturizer/treatment8 products
bath oil/salts/soak8 products
liquid hand soap8 products
serums & essences6 products
mask6 products
toothpaste5 products
mouthwash4 products
hand sanitizer4 products
body oil4 products
shaving cream (men's)3 products
conditioner3 products
toners/astringents3 products
bar soap3 products
body wash/cleanser3 products
makeup primer2 products
makeup remover2 products
hair styling aide2 products
anti-aging2 products
fragrance for women2 products
antiperspirant/deodorant2 products
exfoliant/scrub2 products
muscle/joint soreness1 products
hand cream1 products
beard cleanser1 products
beard oil1 products
hair spray1 products
1 products
styling gel/lotion1 products
after shave1 products
foot moisturizer1 products
shaving cream1 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)1 products

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
314 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Data Sources

  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer