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Data: Limited


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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concealer60 products
foundation53 products
facial moisturizer/treatment36 products
moisturizer with SPF30 products
serums & essences29 products
moisturizer22 products
mask15 products
facial cleanser11 products
BB cream10 products
CC cream10 products
anti-aging8 products
beach & sport sunscreen8 products
conditioner8 products
facial powder7 products
toners/astringents7 products
shampoo7 products
body wash/cleanser7 products
around-eye cream6 products
exfoliant/scrub5 products
blush4 products
body firming lotion3 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)3 products
hand cream2 products
hair styling aide2 products
mascara2 products
bronzer/highlighter2 products
foot moisturizer1 products
other eye makeup1 products
oil controller1 products
after shave1 products
makeup remover1 products
shaving cream (men's)1 products
Facial Sun Care1 products

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
Safety assessment was based on related chemicalCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
26 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Data Sources

  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.


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