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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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moisturizer with SPF17 products
lipstick14 products
beach & sport sunscreen9 products
toothpaste8 products
around-eye cream8 products
serums & essences8 products
facial moisturizer/treatment6 products
conditioner3 products
mask3 products
anti-aging3 products
shampoo3 products
facial cleanser2 products
foundation1 products
toners/astringents1 products
liquid hand soap1 products
moisturizer1 products
sunless tanning1 products
concealer1 products
antiperspirant/deodorant1 products
bronzer/highlighter1 products
makeup primer1 products
mascara1 products
mouthwash1 products

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
314 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Data Sources

  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer