IMAGE SOURCE: PubChem
Other ConcernsUse restrictions (low), Multiple, additive exposure sources (low), and Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs) (low)
Restricted: EWG VERIFIED products cannot contain this ingredient without adequate substantiation
Linoleic acid is a naturally occurring unstaurated fatty acid.
See how this product scores for common concerns.
LOWAllergies & Immunotoxicity
LOWDevelopmental and Reproductive Toxicity
- DATA SOURCES
Products with this Ingredient
|facial moisturizer/treatment||57 products|
|around-eye cream||27 products|
|serums & essences||18 products|
|facial cleanser||10 products|
|hair treatment/serum||10 products|
|lip balm||9 products|
|daily use with SPF||9 products|
|hand cream||7 products|
|body firming lotion||6 products|
|lip gloss||5 products|
|recreational sunscreen||5 products|
|body wash/cleanser||5 products|
|makeup remover||5 products|
|hair styling aide||4 products|
|makeup primer||3 products|
|baby lotion||2 products|
|BB cream||2 products|
|lip balm with SPF||2 products|
|bar soap||2 products|
|oil controller||2 products|
|hair-loss treatment||2 products|
|after shave||1 products|
|baby oil||1 products|
|eye shadow||1 products|
|hair spray||1 products|
|styling gel/lotion||1 products|
Multiple, additive exposure sources
|Used in food or as an additive with limited or no toxicity information available||Open scientific literature|
|Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in food||FDA Everything Added to Food|
|Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in food||FDA Food Additive Status|
Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs)
|any irritation - weight of evidence unknown/unassessed||Open scientific literature|
|Determined safe for use in cosmetics, subject to concentration or use limitations - any||Open scientific literature|
|any or allergies - weight of evidence unknown/unassessed||Open scientific literature|
|Suspected to be an environmental toxin||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
|13585 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemical||NLM PubMed|
Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)
|Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmful||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
|Classified as a low human health priority||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
Persistence and bioaccumulation
|Not suspected to be persistent||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
|Not suspected to be bioaccumulative||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
- Open scientific/peer reviewed literature
- FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.
- FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from http://www.cfsan.fda.gov/%7Edms/opa-appa.html, Oct 16, 2006.
- EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
- NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data. http://www.pubmed.gov.
Cosmetics and personal care products are not required to be tested for safety before being allowed on the market. The Skin Deep® scoring system was designed to help the public understand whether a product is safe to use or whether it contains ingredients of concern.
Every product and ingredient in Skin Deep gets a two-part score – one for hazard and one for data availability. The safest products score well by both measures, with a low hazard rating and a fair or better data availability rating.HOW WE DETERMINE SCORES
The Skin Deep ingredient hazard score, from 1 to 10, reflects known and suspected hazards linked to the ingredients. The EWG VERIFIED™ mark means a product meets EWG’s strictest criteria for transparency and health.
The Skin Deep data availability rating reflects the number of scientific studies about the product or ingredient in the published scientific literature.