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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Use restrictions (low) and Contamination concerns (high)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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foundation102 products
bronzer/highlighter41 products
facial moisturizer/treatment41 products
serums & essences27 products
moisturizer with SPF25 products
concealer22 products
hand cream19 products
eye shadow15 products
around-eye cream13 products
moisturizer12 products
shampoo10 products
mask8 products
blush6 products
body firming lotion6 products
makeup primer5 products
styling gel/lotion4 products
lip gloss4 products
anti-aging3 products
brow liner3 products
conditioner3 products
body wash/cleanser2 products
beach & sport sunscreen2 products
hair styling aide2 products
damaged skin treatment2 products
exfoliant/scrub2 products
makeup with SPF2 products
oil controller1 products
after shave1 products
makeup remover1 products
shaving cream (men's)1 products
skin fading/lightener1 products
facial cleanser1 products
hair treatment/serum1 products
fragrance for women1 products
hand sanitizer1 products
beard care1 products
fragrance for men1 products

Contamination concerns

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Use restrictions

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Concern Reference
Determined safe for use in cosmetics, subject to concentration or use limitations - Safe for use in cosmetics with some qualificationsCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
4 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Data Sources

  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.

About this Ingredient's Score Range

  • Products with the EWG VERIFIED mark have met the program’s impurity and use restrictions based on EWG's review of the company's data.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer