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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Use restrictions (low), Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs) (moderate), and Contamination concerns (high)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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shampoo61 products
body wash/cleanser41 products
bath oil/salts/soak24 products
liquid hand soap19 products
blush16 products
foundation14 products
facial moisturizer/treatment14 products
conditioner13 products
serums & essences12 products
exfoliant/scrub11 products
facial cleanser10 products
baby soap9 products
hair treatment/serum7 products
styling mousse/foam7 products
lipstick7 products
bronzer/highlighter5 products
around-eye cream5 products
styling gel/lotion5 products
eye shadow5 products
moisturizer5 products
mask4 products
moisturizer with SPF4 products
hair spray4 products
hair styling aide4 products
detangler4 products
antiperspirant/deodorant3 products
baby shampoo3 products
anti-aging3 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)2 products
hand cream2 products
foot moisturizer2 products
bubble bath2 products
body firming lotion2 products
hair color and bleaching2 products
sunless tanning1 products
foot odor control1 products
1 products
beach & sport sunscreen1 products
hair-loss treatment1 products
vapor rubs1 products
beard care1 products
body oil1 products
hair relaxer1 products
baby bubble bath1 products
after shave1 products
eye liner1 products
oil controller1 products

Contamination concerns

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Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs)

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Concern Reference
Human any irritant - strong evidenceCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Use restrictions

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Concern Reference
Determined safe for use in cosmetics, subject to concentration or use limitations - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Safety assessment was based on related chemicalCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
40 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Data Sources

  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.

About this Ingredient's Score Range

  • This ingredient’s score is higher if used in products intended for use around the eyes due to increased risk of absorption.
  • This ingredient’s score is higher if used in products that are inhalable (e.g., sprays, powders) because of respiratory concerns.
  • Products with the EWG VERIFIED mark have met the program’s impurity and use restrictions based on EWG's review of the company's data.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer