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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Use restrictions (low), Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs) (moderate), and Contamination concerns (high)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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shampoo95 products
body wash/cleanser69 products
liquid hand soap58 products
bath oil/salts/soak24 products
facial moisturizer/treatment20 products
foundation19 products
conditioner19 products
blush16 products
serums & essences16 products
bronzer/highlighter14 products
facial cleanser13 products
hair treatment/serum12 products
eye shadow12 products
styling mousse/foam11 products
baby soap10 products
exfoliant/scrub10 products
styling gel/lotion8 products
bubble bath8 products
moisturizer7 products
around-eye cream7 products
hair styling aide6 products
lipstick6 products
mask6 products
hair spray6 products
detangler6 products
daily use with SPF5 products
hair color and bleaching5 products
anti-aging4 products
antiperspirant/deodorant4 products
baby shampoo4 products
3 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)3 products
hand cream3 products
body firming lotion3 products
foot moisturizer2 products
beard care2 products
makeup primer1 products
oil controller1 products
eye liner1 products
recreational sunscreen1 products
beard cleanser1 products
sunless tanning1 products
foot odor control1 products
vapor rubs1 products
hair-loss treatment1 products
after shave1 products
hair relaxer1 products
baby bubble bath1 products

Contamination concerns

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Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs)

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Concern Reference
Human any irritant - strong evidenceCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Use restrictions

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Concern Reference
Determined safe for use in cosmetics, subject to concentration or use limitations - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Safety assessment was based on related chemicalCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
40 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Data Sources

  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.

About this Ingredient's Score Range

  • This ingredient’s score is higher if used in products intended for use around the eyes due to increased risk of absorption.
  • This ingredient’s score is higher if used in products that are inhalable (e.g., sprays, powders) because of respiratory concerns.
  • Products with the EWG VERIFIED mark have met the program’s impurity and use restrictions based on EWG's review of the company's data.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer