Other ConcernsNon-reproductive organ system toxicity (low), Multiple, additive exposure sources (low), and Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs) (low)
This ingredient is not currently on EWG's Skin Deep Restricted or Unacceptable Lists.
See how this product scores for common concerns.
LOWAllergies & Immunotoxicity
LOWDevelopmental and Reproductive Toxicity
- DATA SOURCES
Products with this Ingredient
|facial moisturizer/treatment||10 products|
|serums & essences||9 products|
|around-eye cream||4 products|
|facial cleanser||3 products|
|damaged skin treatment||2 products|
|body oil||2 products|
|bath oil/salts/soak||1 products|
|daily use with SPF||1 products|
|beard oil||1 products|
|bar soap||1 products|
|hair treatment/serum||1 products|
Multiple, additive exposure sources
|Used in food or as an additive with limited or no toxicity information available||Open scientific literature|
Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs)
|Limited evidence of any irritation||Open scientific literature|
Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)
|Classified as toxic or harmful.||Open scientific literature|
|Associated with any toxicity||Open scientific literature|
|Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmful||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
|Limited evidence of any toxicity or allergies||Open scientific literature|
|Associated with immunotoxicity or allergies||Open scientific literature|
|Limited evidence of environmental toxicity or persistence||Open scientific literature|
|Not suspected to be an environmental toxin||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
|38 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemical||NLM PubMed|
- Open scientific/peer reviewed literature
- EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
- NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data. http://www.pubmed.gov.
Cosmetics and personal care products are not required to be tested for safety before being allowed on the market. The Skin Deep® scoring system was designed to help the public understand whether a product is safe to use or whether it contains ingredients of concern.
Every product and ingredient in Skin Deep gets a two-part score – one for hazard and one for data availability. The safest products score well by both measures, with a low hazard rating and a fair or better data availability rating.HOW WE DETERMINE SCORES
The Skin Deep ingredient hazard score, from 1 to 10, reflects known and suspected hazards linked to the ingredients. The EWG VERIFIED® mark means a product meets EWG’s strictest criteria for transparency and health.
The Skin Deep data availability rating reflects the number of scientific studies about the product or ingredient in the published scientific literature.