Other ConcernsNeurotoxicity (low), Endocrine disruption (moderate), and Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate)
Restricted: EWG VERIFIED products cannot contain this ingredient without adequate substantiation
See how this product scores for common concerns.
LOWAllergies & Immunotoxicity
MODERATEDevelopmental and Reproductive Toxicity
- DATA SOURCES
Products with this Ingredient
|Human any disruptor - strong evidence||Open scientific literature|
|Human any disruptor - moderate evidence||Open scientific literature|
|Limited evidence of any disruption||Open scientific literature|
|One or more animal studies show endocrine disruption at moderate doses||Open scientific literature|
Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)
|Possible human any toxicant||Open scientific literature|
|Limited evidence of any toxicity||Open scientific literature|
|Associated with any toxicity||Open scientific literature|
|Human any toxicant - moderate evidence||Open scientific literature|
|One or more animal studies show any effects at moderate doses||Open scientific literature|
|One or more animal studies show any or allergenic effects at low doses||Open scientific literature|
|One or more animal studies show any effects at high doses||Open scientific literature|
|Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in product||Cosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments|
|309 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemical||NLM PubMed|
|Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - any||Cosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments|
- Open scientific/peer reviewed literature
- CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
- NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data. http://www.pubmed.gov.
Cosmetics and personal care products are not required to be tested for safety before being allowed on the market. The Skin Deep® scoring system was designed to help the public understand whether a product is safe to use or whether it contains ingredients of concern.
Every product and ingredient in Skin Deep gets a two-part score – one for hazard and one for data availability. The safest products score well by both measures, with a low hazard rating and a fair or better data availability rating.HOW WE DETERMINE SCORES
The Skin Deep ingredient hazard score, from 1 to 10, reflects known and suspected hazards linked to the ingredients. The EWG VERIFIED® mark means a product meets EWG’s strictest criteria for transparency and health.
The Skin Deep data availability rating reflects the number of scientific studies about the product or ingredient in the published scientific literature.