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Data: Fair

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms


Cancer concern is LOW_MODERATE

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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lipstick36 products
serums & essences14 products
mask14 products
facial moisturizer/treatment12 products
lip gloss11 products
conditioner8 products
body wash/cleanser7 products
around-eye cream7 products
moisturizer7 products
shampoo7 products
beach & sport sunscreen6 products
toners/astringents5 products
facial cleanser5 products
bronzer/highlighter5 products
hair treatment/serum5 products
blush3 products
foundation3 products
concealer3 products
exfoliant/scrub2 products
makeup primer2 products
2 products
liquid hand soap2 products
hair spray2 products
makeup remover2 products
hair styling aide2 products
baby shampoo1 products
detangler1 products
anti-aging1 products
eye shadow1 products
shaving cream1 products
baby soap1 products
moisturizer with SPF1 products
body firming lotion1 products


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Concern Reference
Limited evidence of carcinogenicityInt'l Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) - Carcinogens

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
3301 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Data Sources

  • IARC (International Agency for Research on Cancer). 2008. Overall Evaluations of Carcinogenicity to Humans, as evaluated in IARC Monographs Volumes 1-99 (a total of 935 agents, mixtures and exposures).
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer