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Data: Fair

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms


Cancer concern is LOW_MODERATE

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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lipstick36 products
mask26 products
serums & essences20 products
facial moisturizer/treatment17 products
shampoo12 products
body wash/cleanser11 products
lip gloss11 products
around-eye cream10 products
conditioner10 products
moisturizer9 products
recreational sunscreen8 products
facial cleanser8 products
bronzer/highlighter7 products
hair treatment/serum6 products
toners/astringents6 products
hair styling aide5 products
blush5 products
makeup primer4 products
makeup remover4 products
hair spray3 products
hand cream3 products
concealer3 products
body firming lotion3 products
anti-aging3 products
exfoliant/scrub3 products
foundation2 products
sunless tanning2 products
lip balm with SPF2 products
skin fading/lightener2 products
2 products
liquid hand soap2 products
nail treatment2 products
foot cleansing2 products
shaving cream1 products
eye shadow1 products
body oil1 products
daily use with SPF1 products
after sun product1 products
baby soap1 products
baby shampoo1 products
foot moisturizer1 products
baby lotion1 products
detangler1 products


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Concern Reference
Limited evidence of carcinogenicityInt'l Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) - Carcinogens

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
3301 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Data Sources

  • IARC (International Agency for Research on Cancer). 2008. Overall Evaluations of Carcinogenicity to Humans, as evaluated in IARC Monographs Volumes 1-99 (a total of 935 agents, mixtures and exposures).
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer