D&C Violet No. 2 (Ci 60725)
- This ingredient’s score is higher if used in products intended for damaged skin due to increased risk of absorption.
- This ingredient’s score is higher if used in products intended for use around mouth due to increased risk of ingestion and absorption.
- This ingredient’s score is higher if used in products intended for use on lips due to increased risk of ingestion and absorption.
- This ingredient’s score is higher if used in products intended for use around the eyes due to increased risk of absorption.
Other ConcernsUse restrictions (high), Endocrine disruption (low), Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate), and Ecotoxicology (low)
SYNONYMS1-HYDROXY-4-(4-METHYLANILINO)ANTHRAQUINONE, 1-HYDROXY-4-(P-TOLUIDINO)ANTHRAQUINONE, 1-HYDROXY-4-Y -TOLUIDINO ANTHRAQUINONE, 1-HYDROXY-4-[(4-METHYLPHENYL)AMINO]- 9,10-ANTHRACENEDIONE, 1-HYDROXY-4-[(4-METHYLPHENYL)AMINO]-9,10-ANTHRACENEDIONE, 4-HYDROXY-1-(P-TOLUIDINO)ANTHRAQUINONE, 9,10-ANTHRACENEDIONE, 1-HYDROXY-4-[(4-METHYLPHENYL)AMINO]-, 9,10ANTHRACENEDIONE, 1HYDROXY4[(4METHYLPHENYL)AMINO], ANTHRAQUINONE, 1-HYDROXY-4-Y -TOLUIDINO, BENZENEMETHANAMINIUM, N-[4-[[4-(DIMETHYLAMINO)PHENYL][4-[ETHYL[(3-SULFOPHENYL)METHYL]AMINO]PHENYL]METHYLENE]-2,5-CYCLOHEXADIEN-1-YLIDENE]-N-ETHYL-3-SULFO-, INNER SALT, SODIUM SALT, BENZENEMETHANAMINIUM, N[4[[4(DIMETHYLAMINO)PHENYL][4[ETHYL[(3SULFOPHENYL)METHYL]AMINO]PHENYL]METHYLENE]2,5CYCLOHEXADIEN1YLIDENE]NETHYL3SULFO, HYDROXIDE, INNER SALT, SODIUM SALT, CI 60725, D&C VIOLET 2, D&C VIOLET NO. 2, D&C VIOLET NO. 2 (CI 60725), DISPERSE BLUE 72, FD&C VIOLET 2, JAPAN V IOLET 201, JAPAN VIOLET 201, MURASAKI201, VIOLET 2, VIOLET 201, VIOLET NO. 201, and [4-[[4-(DIMETHYLAMINO)PHENYL][4-[ETHYL(3-SULPHONATOBENZYL)AMINO]PHENYL]METHYLENE]CYCLOHEXA-2,5-DIEN-1-YLIDENE](ETHYL)(3-SULPHONATOBENZYL)AMMONIUM, SODIUM SALT
Unacceptable: EWG VERIFIED products cannot contain this ingredient
D&C Violet 2 is a synthetic dye produced from petroleum or coal tar sources; this dye is FDA-approved for use in pharmaceuticals and cosmetics.
See how this product scores for common concerns.
LOWAllergies & Immunotoxicity
LOWDevelopmental and Reproductive Toxicity
- DATA SOURCES
Products with this Ingredient
|nail polish||195 products|
|nail treatment||16 products|
|body wash/cleanser||10 products|
|polish remover||8 products|
|body spray||8 products|
|hair treatment/serum||7 products|
|fragrance for women||7 products|
|styling gel/lotion||5 products|
|antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)||5 products|
|liquid hand soap||3 products|
|nail glue||3 products|
|bar soap||3 products|
|hair styling aide||3 products|
|facial moisturizer/treatment||2 products|
|serums & essences||2 products|
|bath oil/salts/soak||2 products|
|body oil||2 products|
|hair color and bleaching||2 products|
|eye shadow||2 products|
|facial cleanser||2 products|
|fragrance for men||2 products|
|daily use with SPF||1 products|
|bubble bath||1 products|
|foot moisturizer||1 products|
|recreational sunscreen||1 products|
|around-eye cream||1 products|
|setting powder/spray||1 products|
|eye liner||1 products|
|eyelash glue||1 products|
|hair spray||1 products|
|Violation of government restrictions - Restricted in cosmetics; use, concentration, or manufacturing restrictions - Color additive approved by FDA for use in cosmetics: external use only||FDA Color Additive Status|
Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)
|Classified as expected to be toxic or harmful||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
|Limited evidence of carcinogenicity||Open scientific literature|
|Cancer - limited evidence||Silent Spring's Mammary Carcinogens Reviews Database|
|Limited evidence of any toxicity or allergies||Open scientific literature|
|One or more animal studies show any or allergenic effects at moderate doses||Open scientific literature|
|Suspected to be an environmental toxin and be persistent or bioaccumulative||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
|Suspected to be an environmental toxin||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
|Wildlife and environmental toxicity||Open scientific literature|
|Associated with endocrine disruption||Open scientific literature|
|94 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemical||NLM PubMed|
|Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - Color additive used in medical devices||FDA Color Additive Status|
Persistence and bioaccumulation
|Not suspected to be persistent||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
- FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition. Color Additive Status List. September 2006.
- EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
- Open scientific/peer reviewed literature
- Rudel RA, KR Attfield, JN Schifano and JG Brody. Chemicals Causing Mammary Gland Tumors in Animals Signal New Directions for Epidemiology, Chemicals Testing, and Risk Assessment for Breast Cancer Prevention. CANCER Supplement. 2007 Jun 15;109(12):2635-2666.
- NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data. http://www.pubmed.gov.
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Every product and ingredient in Skin Deep gets a two-part score – one for hazard and one for data availability. The safest products score well by both measures, with a low hazard rating and a fair or better data availability rating.HOW WE DETERMINE SCORES
The Skin Deep ingredient hazard score, from 1 to 10, reflects known and suspected hazards linked to the ingredients. The EWG VERIFIED™ mark means a product meets EWG’s strictest criteria for transparency and health.
The Skin Deep data availability rating reflects the number of scientific studies about the product or ingredient in the published scientific literature.