Other ConcernsEnhanced skin absorption, Use restrictions (high), and Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (low)
Unacceptable: EWG VERIFIED products cannot contain this ingredient
See how this product scores for common concerns.
LOWAllergies & Immunotoxicity
LOWDevelopmental and Reproductive Toxicity
- DATA SOURCES
Products with this Ingredient
|facial moisturizer/treatment||3 products|
|hair styling aide||3 products|
|around-eye cream||2 products|
|serums & essences||2 products|
|hair treatment/serum||1 products|
|body oil||1 products|
|facial cleanser||1 products|
Enhanced skin absorption
|Suspected nano-scale ingredients with potential to absorb into the skin||Nanomaterial Database|
|Violation of government restrictions - Banned or found unsafe for use in cosmetics||CTFA International Cosmetic Ingredient Dictionary and Handbook|
Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)
|Limited evidence of cardiovascular or blood toxicity||Scorecard.org Toxicity Information|
|3715 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemical||NLM PubMed|
- NanoWerk. 2007. Nanomaterial Database. Available online: http://www.nanowerk.com/phpscripts/n_dbsearch.php
- CTFA (Cosmetic, Toiletry and Fragrance Association). 2006. International Cosmetic Ingredient Dictionary and Handbook, 11th Edition. Color Additive Information. Washington, DC.
- ED (Environmental Defense). 2006. Scorecard _ The Pollution Information Site. http://www.scorecard.org.
- NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data. http://www.pubmed.gov.
Cosmetics and personal care products are not required to be tested for safety before being allowed on the market. The Skin Deep® scoring system was designed to help the public understand whether a product is safe to use or whether it contains ingredients of concern.
Every product and ingredient in Skin Deep gets a two-part score – one for hazard and one for data availability. The safest products score well by both measures, with a low hazard rating and a fair or better data availability rating.HOW WE DETERMINE SCORES
The Skin Deep ingredient hazard score, from 1 to 10, reflects known and suspected hazards linked to the ingredients. The EWG VERIFIED™ mark means a product meets EWG’s strictest criteria for transparency and health.
The Skin Deep data availability rating reflects the number of scientific studies about the product or ingredient in the published scientific literature.