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Data: Fair

Citrus Aurantium Amara (Bitter Orange) Peel Extract

  • This ingredient’s score is higher if used in products that are inhalable (e.g., sprays, powders) because of respiratory concerns.
  • Products with the EWG VERIFIED mark have met use restrictions and warnings based on EWG review of company data.

Other Concerns

Use restrictions (moderate), Persistence and bioaccumulation (moderate), and Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs) (moderate)

SYNONYMS

BITTER ORANGE PEEL EXTRACT, CITRUS AURANTIUM (BITTER ORANGE) PEEL EXTRACT, CITRUS AURANTIUM AMARA (BITTER ORANGE) PEEL EXTRACT, CITRUS AURANTIUM AMARA PEEL EXTRACT, CITRUS AURANTIUM PEEL EXTRACT, CURACAO PEEL EXTRACT (CITRUS AURANTIUM L.), EXTRACT OF BITTER ORANGE PEEL, and EXTRACT OF CITRUS AURANTIUM AMARA PEEL

Restricted

Restricted: EWG VERIFIED products cannot contain this ingredient without adequate substantiation


Citrus Aurantium Amara (Bitter Orange) Peel Extract is an extract of the peel of the bitterorange, Citrus aurantium amara.

Common concerns

See how this product scores for common concerns.

  • LOW
    Cancer
  • HIGH
    Allergies & Immunotoxicity
  • LOW
    Developmental and Reproductive Toxicity
  • MODERATE
    Use Restrictions

Ingredient concerns

  • CONCERNS
  • DATA SOURCES

Products with this Ingredient

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conditioner3 products
hair treatment/serum3 products
exfoliant/scrub2 products
moisturizer2 products
shampoo2 products
around-eye cream2 products
facial cleanser2 products
facial moisturizer/treatment1 products
body wash/cleanser1 products
hand cream1 products
serums & essences1 products
daily use with SPF1 products

Allergies/immunotoxicity

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Known human any toxicant or allergenOpen scientific literature
Human any toxicant or allergen - strong evidenceOpen scientific literature
Possible human any toxicant or allergenOpen scientific literature
Limited evidence of any toxicity or allergiesOpen scientific literature
any or allergies - weight of evidence unknown/unassessedOpen scientific literature

Use restrictions

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Recommended restricted in cosmetics - use, concentration, or manufacturing restrictions - Fragrance subject to restrictions: safe only within recommended use or concentration limitsn)International Fragrance Association Codes & Standards
Restricted in cosmetics - labeling requirement for allergensOpen scientific literature

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Persistent, bioaccumulative in wildlifeOpen scientific literature
Not suspected to be persistentOpen scientific literature
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeOpen scientific literature

Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs)

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Human any irritant - moderate evidenceOpen scientific literature
any irritation - weight of evidence unknown/unassessedOpen scientific literature

Developmental/reproductive toxicity

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CONCERN REFERENCE
One or more animal studies show any effects at high dosesOpen scientific literature

Ecotoxicology

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Suspected to be an environmental toxinOpen scientific literature

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodOpen scientific literature

Data gaps

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CONCERN REFERENCE
291 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulOpen scientific literature

Cancer

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Not likely to be carcinogenic in humansOpen scientific literature
  • Open scientific/peer reviewed literature
  • IFRA (International Fragrance Association). 2006. Codes and Standards.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data. http://www.pubmed.gov.

Understanding scores

Cosmetics and personal care products are not required to be tested for safety before being allowed on the market. The Skin Deep® scoring system was designed to help the public understand whether a product is safe to use or whether it contains ingredients of concern.

Every product and ingredient in Skin Deep gets a two-part score – one for hazard and one for data availability. The safest products score well by both measures, with a low hazard rating and a fair or better data availability rating.

HOW WE DETERMINE SCORES

Hazard score

The Skin Deep ingredient hazard score, from 1 to 10, reflects known and suspected hazards linked to the ingredients. The EWG VERIFIED™ mark means a product meets EWG’s strictest criteria for transparency and health.

Score legend

Data availability

The Skin Deep data availability rating reflects the number of scientific studies about the product or ingredient in the published scientific literature.

NONE LIMITED FAIR GOOD ROBUST
Low Availability
Moderate Availability
High Availability

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