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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Use restrictions (high), Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (low), and Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs) (low)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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facial moisturizer/treatment14 products
serums & essences8 products
mask6 products
facial powder4 products
facial cleanser3 products
bath oil/salts/soak3 products
lip balm2 products
around-eye cream2 products
2 products
recreational sunscreen2 products
exfoliant/scrub2 products
foot cleansing2 products
bronzer/highlighter1 products
makeup remover1 products
after shave1 products
liquid hand soap1 products
body oil1 products
sunless tanning1 products
makeup primer1 products
moisturizer1 products
anti-aging1 products
body wash/cleanser1 products
detangler1 products
hand cream1 products
fragrance for women1 products
conditioner1 products

Use restrictions

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Concern Reference
Violation of government restrictions - Restricted in cosmetics; use, concentration, or manufacturing restrictions - anyCosIng
Restricted in cosmetics (recommendations or requirements) - use, concentration, or manufacturing restrictions - anyCosIng
Recommended restricted in cosmetics - use, concentration, or manufacturing restrictions - Fragrance subject to restrictions: safe only within recommended use or concentration limitsn)IFRA 1/2020
Determined safe for use in cosmetics, subject to concentration or use limitations - Safe for use in cosmetics with some qualificationsFinal report 09/2016


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Concern Reference
REACH registrations this substance may cause an allergic skin reaction.European Chemicals Agency (ECHA)

Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs)

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Concern Reference
REACH registrations this substance causes skin irritation.European Chemicals Agency (ECHA)

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
REACH registrations this substance may be fatal if swallowed and enters airways.European Chemicals Agency (ECHA)


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Concern Reference
REACH registrations this substance is toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effectsEuropean Chemicals Agency (ECHA)

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
66 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Data Sources

  • European Commission. 2013. Cosing, the European Commission database with information on cosmetic substances and ingredients. Accessed on March 1, 2013 at .
  • IFRA 1/2020
  • Final report 09/2016
  • European Chemicals Agency (ECHA)
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.

About this Ingredient's Score Range

  • Products with the EWG VERIFIED mark have met use restrictions and warnings based on EWG review of company data.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer