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Data: Fair

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Use restrictions (high)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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moisturizer30 products
shampoo24 products
facial moisturizer/treatment20 products
beach & sport sunscreen17 products
moisturizer with SPF17 products
body wash/cleanser17 products
conditioner17 products
bath oil/salts/soak16 products
facial cleanser12 products
exfoliant/scrub12 products
hair treatment/serum10 products
lip balm10 products
antiperspirant/deodorant9 products
bar soap8 products
liquid hand soap8 products
mask7 products
serums & essences7 products
styling gel/lotion6 products
shaving cream6 products
around-eye cream5 products
hand cream4 products
body oil4 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)4 products
anti-aging3 products
body spray3 products
toothpaste3 products
hair spray3 products
makeup remover3 products
makeup primer3 products
after shave3 products
hair styling aide3 products
fragrance for men2 products
shaving cream (men's)2 products
foot odor control2 products
toners/astringents2 products
hand sanitizer2 products
baby soap2 products
CC cream2 products
BB cream2 products
lip balm with SPF1 products
body firming lotion1 products
body powder1 products
baby oil1 products
Tanning Sprays1 products
eye makeup remover1 products
foot cleansing1 products
foot moisturizer1 products
detangler1 products
baby shampoo1 products
styling mousse/foam1 products
baby lotion1 products
sunless tanning1 products
makeup with SPF1 products

Use restrictions

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Concern Reference
Restricted in cosmetics (recommendations or requirements) - use, concentration, or manufacturing restrictions - anyCosIng
Recommended restricted in cosmetics - use, concentration, or manufacturing restrictions - Fragrance subject to restrictions: safe only within recommended use or concentration limitsn)IFRA_Standard_44html

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
111 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • European Commission. 2013. Cosing, the European Commission database with information on cosmetic substances and ingredients. Accessed on March 1, 2013 at .
  • IFRA_Standard_44html
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.

About this Ingredient's Score Range

  • Products with the EWG VERIFIED mark have met use restrictions and warnings based on EWG review of company data.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer