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Data: Limited

Chromium Oxide Greens

  • This ingredient’s score is higher if used in products intended for use on lips due to increased risk of ingestion and absorption.

IMAGE SOURCE: PubChem

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Other Concerns

Enhanced skin absorption, Use restrictions (high), Persistence and bioaccumulation (moderate), Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate), and Ecotoxicology (low)

SYNONYMS

CHROME OXIDE; CHROME OXIDE; CHROMIUM(III) OXIDE; CHROMIUM(III) OXIDE, CHROMIC OXIDE, CHROMIUM GREEN OXIDE, CHROMIUM OXIDE (CR2O3), CHROMIUM OXIDE GREENS, CI 77288, DICHROMIUM TRIOXIDE, GREEN CHROMIC OXIDE, GREEN OXIDE OF CHROMIUM, and PIGMENT GREEN 17

Chromium oxide is a mineral pigment, Cr2O3, used as a colorant in a variety of products. This ingredient contains trivalent chromium, a form of chromium that functions as an essential trace element in human metabolism.

Common concerns

See how this product scores for common concerns.

  • LOW
    Cancer
  • LOW
    Allergies & Immunotoxicity
  • LOW
    Developmental and Reingredientive Toxicity
  • HIGH
    Use Restrictions

Ingredient concerns

  • CONCERNS
  • DATA SOURCES

Products with this Ingredient

Expand content Collapse content
foundation399 products
eye shadow306 products
eye liner189 products
brow liner131 products
concealer104 products
mascara73 products
bronzer/highlighter64 products
blush26 products
setting powder/spray25 products
facial powder24 products
mask23 products
makeup primer21 products
nail polish17 products
body oil15 products
lipstick11 products
shampoo7 products
lip liner6 products
bar soap5 products
facial moisturizer/treatment5 products
exfoliant/scrub4 products
serums & essences4 products
CC cream4 products
conditioner3 products
hair color and bleaching3 products
glitter3 products
bath oil/salts/soak3 products
body wash/cleanser3 products
hair treatment/serum3 products
2 products
daily use with SPF2 products
hand cream2 products
moisturizer2 products
skin fading/lightener2 products
fragrance for men1 products
lip gloss1 products
hand sanitizer1 products
facial cleanser1 products
nail glue1 products
oil controller1 products
toners/astringents1 products
lip balm1 products
around-eye cream1 products

Enhanced skin absorption

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Suspected nano-scale ingredients with potential to absorb into the skinNanomaterial Database

Use restrictions

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Violation of government restrictions - Restricted in cosmetics; use, concentration, or manufacturing restrictions - anyOpen scientific literature

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Persistent or bioaccumulative and moderate to high toxicity concern in humansEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Classified as expected to be toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Classified as a low human health priorityEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Ecotoxicology

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Suspected to be an environmental toxin and be persistent or bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Informational

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - Color additive approved by FDA for use in cosmeticsFDA Color Additive Status
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - Color Additives - Exempt from Batch Certification by the U.S. Food and Drug AdministrationCTFA International Cosmetic Ingredient Dictionary and Handbook

Cancer

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CONCERN REFERENCE
Limited or incomplete evidence of cancer according to safety/hazard data – government assessment cannot classify as human carcinogen due to data gapsOpen scientific literature

Data gaps

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CONCERN REFERENCE
532 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed
  • NanoWerk. 2007. Nanomaterial Database. Available online: http://www.nanowerk.com/phpscripts/n_dbsearch.php
  • Open scientific/peer reviewed literature
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition. Color Additive Status List. September 2006.
  • CTFA (Cosmetic, Toiletry and Fragrance Association). 2006. International Cosmetic Ingredient Dictionary and Handbook, 11th Edition. Color Additive Information. Washington, DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data. http://www.pubmed.gov.

Understanding scores

Cosmetics and personal care products are not required to be tested for safety before being allowed on the market. The Skin Deep® scoring system was designed to help the public understand whether a product is safe to use or whether it contains ingredients of concern.

Every product and ingredient in Skin Deep gets a two-part score – one for hazard and one for data availability. The safest products score well by both measures, with a low hazard rating and a fair or better data availability rating.

HOW WE DETERMINE SCORES

Hazard score

The Skin Deep ingredient hazard score, from 1 to 10, reflects known and suspected hazards linked to the ingredients. The EWG VERIFIED™ mark means a product meets EWG’s strictest criteria for transparency and health.

Score legend

Data availability

The Skin Deep data availability rating reflects the number of scientific studies about the product or ingredient in the published scientific literature.

NONE LIMITED FAIR GOOD ROBUST
Low Availability
Moderate Availability
High Availability

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