Chromium Oxide Greens
- †This ingredient’s score is higher if used in products intended for use on lips due to increased risk of ingestion and absorption.
Other ConcernsEnhanced skin absorption, Use restrictions (high), Persistence and bioaccumulation (moderate), Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate), and Ecotoxicology (low)
SYNONYMSCHROME OXIDE; CHROME OXIDE; CHROMIUM(III) OXIDE; CHROMIUM(III) OXIDE, CHROMIC OXIDE, CHROMIUM GREEN OXIDE, CHROMIUM OXIDE (CR2O3), CHROMIUM OXIDE GREENS, CI 77288, DICHROMIUM TRIOXIDE, GREEN CHROMIC OXIDE, GREEN OXIDE OF CHROMIUM, and PIGMENT GREEN 17
Chromium oxide is a mineral pigment, Cr2O3, used as a colorant in a variety of products. This ingredient contains trivalent chromium, a form of chromium that functions as an essential trace element in human metabolism.
See how this product scores for common concerns.
LOWAllergies & Immunotoxicity
LOWDevelopmental and Reingredientive Toxicity
- DATA SOURCES
Products with this Ingredient
|eye shadow||306 products|
|eye liner||189 products|
|brow liner||131 products|
|setting powder/spray||25 products|
|facial powder||24 products|
|makeup primer||21 products|
|nail polish||17 products|
|body oil||15 products|
|lip liner||6 products|
|bar soap||5 products|
|facial moisturizer/treatment||5 products|
|serums & essences||4 products|
|CC cream||4 products|
|hair color and bleaching||3 products|
|bath oil/salts/soak||3 products|
|body wash/cleanser||3 products|
|hair treatment/serum||3 products|
|daily use with SPF||2 products|
|hand cream||2 products|
|skin fading/lightener||2 products|
|fragrance for men||1 products|
|lip gloss||1 products|
|hand sanitizer||1 products|
|facial cleanser||1 products|
|nail glue||1 products|
|oil controller||1 products|
|lip balm||1 products|
|around-eye cream||1 products|
Enhanced skin absorption
|Suspected nano-scale ingredients with potential to absorb into the skin||Nanomaterial Database|
|Violation of government restrictions - Restricted in cosmetics; use, concentration, or manufacturing restrictions - any||Open scientific literature|
Persistence and bioaccumulation
|Persistent or bioaccumulative and moderate to high toxicity concern in humans||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
|Not suspected to be bioaccumulative||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)
|Classified as expected to be toxic or harmful||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
|Classified as a low human health priority||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
|Suspected to be an environmental toxin and be persistent or bioaccumulative||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
|Suspected to be an environmental toxin||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
|Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - Color additive approved by FDA for use in cosmetics||FDA Color Additive Status|
|Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - Color Additives - Exempt from Batch Certification by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration||CTFA International Cosmetic Ingredient Dictionary and Handbook|
|Limited or incomplete evidence of cancer according to safety/hazard data – government assessment cannot classify as human carcinogen due to data gaps||Open scientific literature|
|532 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemical||NLM PubMed|
- NanoWerk. 2007. Nanomaterial Database. Available online: http://www.nanowerk.com/phpscripts/n_dbsearch.php
- Open scientific/peer reviewed literature
- EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
- FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition. Color Additive Status List. September 2006.
- CTFA (Cosmetic, Toiletry and Fragrance Association). 2006. International Cosmetic Ingredient Dictionary and Handbook, 11th Edition. Color Additive Information. Washington, DC.
- NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data. http://www.pubmed.gov.
Cosmetics and personal care products are not required to be tested for safety before being allowed on the market. The Skin Deep® scoring system was designed to help the public understand whether a product is safe to use or whether it contains ingredients of concern.
Every product and ingredient in Skin Deep gets a two-part score – one for hazard and one for data availability. The safest products score well by both measures, with a low hazard rating and a fair or better data availability rating.HOW WE DETERMINE SCORES
The Skin Deep ingredient hazard score, from 1 to 10, reflects known and suspected hazards linked to the ingredients. The EWG VERIFIED™ mark means a product meets EWG’s strictest criteria for transparency and health.
The Skin Deep data availability rating reflects the number of scientific studies about the product or ingredient in the published scientific literature.