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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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moisturizer33 products
facial moisturizer/treatment14 products
recreational sunscreen12 products
lip balm11 products
shampoo11 products
toners/astringents10 products
bar soap10 products
exfoliant/scrub10 products
facial cleanser10 products
bath oil/salts/soak9 products
hair treatment/serum9 products
body wash/cleanser8 products
diaper cream8 products
mask7 products
damaged skin treatment6 products
baby soap6 products
baby lotion6 products
lip balm with SPF5 products
body oil5 products
serums & essences5 products
bubble bath5 products
baby powder5 products
hand cream4 products
fragrance for women4 products
foundation4 products
baby oil4 products
conditioner4 products
baby shampoo4 products
mascara3 products
baby sunscreen3 products
concealer2 products
BB cream2 products
lipstick2 products
around-eye cream2 products
muscle/joint soreness2 products
after sun product2 products
antiperspirant/deodorant1 products
daily use with SPF1 products
body spray1 products
after shave1 products
makeup remover1 products
1 products
foot moisturizer1 products
baby bubble bath1 products
other eye makeup1 products
styling gel/lotion1 products
blush1 products
eye liner1 products
facial powder1 products
body powder1 products
liquid hand soap1 products
mouthwash1 products

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
355 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Data Sources

  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from, Oct 16, 2006.
  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer