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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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moisturizer21 products
facial cleanser14 products
beach & sport sunscreen12 products
facial moisturizer/treatment11 products
exfoliant/scrub10 products
toners/astringents8 products
bar soap7 products
lip balm7 products
body wash/cleanser6 products
body oil6 products
baby soap5 products
shampoo4 products
baby lotion4 products
hair treatment/serum4 products
lip balm with SPF4 products
hand cream3 products
serums & essences3 products
mask3 products
foundation3 products
baby powder2 products
conditioner2 products
bath oil/salts/soak2 products
anti-aging2 products
after sun product2 products
baby shampoo2 products
facial powder2 products
diaper cream2 products
fragrance for women2 products
mascara2 products
makeup remover2 products
mouthwash1 products
blush1 products
around-eye cream1 products
BB cream1 products
concealer1 products
lipstick1 products
after shave1 products
styling gel/lotion1 products
muscle/joint soreness1 products
antiperspirant/deodorant1 products
eye liner1 products
body spray1 products
moisturizer with SPF1 products

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
355 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyAmended Safety Assessment 03/09 - Available from CIR IJT 20(S2):13-20, 2001 (original report)

Data Sources

  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from, Oct 16, 2006.
  • Amended Safety Assessment 03/09 - Available from CIR IJT 20(S2):13-20, 2001 (original report)


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer