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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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lipstick571 products
foundation356 products
eye liner271 products
lip liner265 products
concealer236 products
eye shadow140 products
mascara132 products
brow liner130 products
facial moisturizer/treatment110 products
lip gloss88 products
moisturizer85 products
lip balm65 products
blush60 products
recreational sunscreen59 products
bronzer/highlighter53 products
facial cleanser48 products
lip balm with SPF44 products
serums & essences42 products
facial powder39 products
daily use with SPF39 products
CC cream34 products
shampoo33 products
mask32 products
around-eye cream29 products
exfoliant/scrub26 products
body wash/cleanser25 products
setting powder/spray19 products
hand cream17 products
conditioner17 products
makeup primer16 products
sunless tanning13 products
shaving cream12 products
hand sanitizer11 products
body oil10 products
hair treatment/serum9 products
anti-aging8 products
body firming lotion8 products
BB cream7 products
nail polish6 products
6 products
shaving cream (men's)6 products
baby sunscreen5 products
liquid hand soap5 products
tanning oil5 products
toners/astringents4 products
skin fading/lightener4 products
lip plumper4 products
baby shampoo3 products
baby lotion3 products
body powder2 products
hair styling aide2 products
hair removal waxes2 products
depilatory2 products
baby soap2 products
after shave2 products
hair spray2 products
hair-loss treatment2 products
muscle/joint soreness2 products
bath oil/salts/soak1 products
after sun product1 products
cuticle treatment1 products
diaper cream1 products
oil controller1 products
baby bubble bath1 products
nail treatment1 products


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Concern Reference
Suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
219 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status

Data Sources

  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from, Oct 16, 2006.


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