Menu Close Menu




Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

Expand content Collapse content
lipstick457 products
foundation284 products
concealer172 products
eye liner151 products
lip liner141 products
eye shadow102 products
brow liner95 products
bronzer/highlighter67 products
recreational sunscreen63 products
mascara61 products
lip gloss57 products
blush57 products
facial moisturizer/treatment56 products
moisturizer46 products
lip balm40 products
facial powder38 products
daily use with SPF37 products
facial cleanser33 products
serums & essences28 products
lip balm with SPF24 products
shampoo22 products
mask21 products
exfoliant/scrub18 products
makeup primer16 products
conditioner15 products
body wash/cleanser14 products
around-eye cream14 products
setting powder/spray14 products
body firming lotion13 products
anti-aging11 products
hand cream8 products
shaving cream7 products
body oil7 products
after shave6 products
toners/astringents6 products
baby sunscreen6 products
nail polish4 products
sunless tanning4 products
shaving cream (men's)4 products
liquid hand soap4 products
BB cream4 products
hair treatment/serum4 products
4 products
lip plumper3 products
other eye makeup3 products
baby soap3 products
baby shampoo3 products
hair spray2 products
CC cream2 products
tanning oil2 products
depilatory2 products
hair-loss treatment2 products
nail treatment1 products
bath oil/salts/soak1 products
diaper cream1 products
muscle/joint soreness1 products
detangler1 products
baby bubble bath1 products
bubble bath1 products


Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
Suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data gaps

Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productIJT 18(S3):1-26, 1999
219 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Multiple, additive exposure sources

Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food


Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyIJT 18(S3):1-26, 1999

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

Expand content Collapse content
Concern Reference
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • IJT 18(S3):1-26, 1999
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from, Oct 16, 2006.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer