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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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lipstick200 products
concealer105 products
lip liner82 products
foundation74 products
eye liner68 products
eye shadow65 products
beach & sport sunscreen55 products
bronzer/highlighter50 products
brow liner37 products
blush36 products
facial moisturizer/treatment34 products
lip gloss33 products
moisturizer with SPF33 products
mascara28 products
facial powder19 products
facial cleanser18 products
moisturizer17 products
lip balm15 products
serums & essences13 products
lip balm with SPF9 products
conditioner9 products
exfoliant/scrub9 products
shampoo8 products
body wash/cleanser7 products
shaving cream6 products
makeup primer6 products
anti-aging5 products
around-eye cream4 products
mask4 products
sunless tanning4 products
BB cream4 products
other eye makeup3 products
shaving cream (men's)2 products
baby shampoo2 products
baby soap2 products
toners/astringents2 products
toothpaste2 products
hand cream1 products
lip plumper1 products
tooth whitening1 products
hair treatment/serum1 products
makeup with SPF1 products
makeup remover1 products
body firming lotion1 products
body oil1 products
bath oil/salts/soak1 products
liquid hand soap1 products
depilatory1 products


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Concern Reference
Suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productIJT 18(S3):1-26, 1999
219 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Everything Added to Food


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - anyIJT 18(S3):1-26, 1999

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List
Not suspected to be bioaccumulativeEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • IJT 18(S3):1-26, 1999
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from, Oct 16, 2006.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


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