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Data: Fair

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Neurotoxicity (low), Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (low), Multiple, additive exposure sources (low), and Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs) (low)


Cancer concern is LOW

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is HIGH

Products with this Ingredient

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moisturizer10 products
hair treatment/serum8 products
facial cleanser8 products
facial moisturizer/treatment6 products
shampoo5 products
bath oil/salts/soak5 products
serums & essences5 products
body wash/cleanser4 products
makeup primer4 products
setting powder/spray4 products
mask3 products
conditioner3 products
exfoliant/scrub3 products
baby lotion3 products
baby shampoo2 products
diaper cream2 products
hair styling aide2 products
lip balm2 products
around-eye cream2 products
toners/astringents2 products
body oil2 products
daily use with SPF1 products
baby soap1 products
bar soap1 products
antiperspirant/deodorant1 products
makeup remover1 products
body firming lotion1 products
1 products
after shave1 products
recreational sunscreen1 products
liquid hand soap1 products
baby powder1 products
baby bubble bath1 products
body powder1 products
hair spray1 products
muscle/joint soreness1 products


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Concern Reference
Known human any toxicant or allergenOpen scientific literature
Human immune and respiratory toxicant or allergen - strong evidenceAssociation of Occupational and Environmental Clinics
Human any toxicant or allergen - strong evidenceOpen scientific literature
One or more human case studies show equivocal any or allergenic effectsOpen scientific literature
Limited evidence of any toxicity or allergiesOpen scientific literature

Multiple, additive exposure sources

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Concern Reference
Used in food or as an additive with limited or no toxicity information availableFDA Everything Added to Food
Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in foodFDA Food Additive Status

Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs)

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Concern Reference
Limited evidence of any irritationOpen scientific literature

Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

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Concern Reference
Classified as toxic or harmful.Open scientific literature
Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmfulEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Developmental/reproductive toxicity

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Concern Reference
One or more human case studies show equivocal any effectsOpen scientific literature


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Concern Reference
One or more animal studies show neuromuscular effects at high dosesOpen scientific literature


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Concern Reference
Wildlife and environmental toxicityOpen scientific literature
Not suspected to be an environmental toxinEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
730 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed

Persistence and bioaccumulation

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Concern Reference
Not suspected to be persistentEnvironment Canada Domestic Substance List

Data Sources

  • Open scientific/peer reviewed literature
  • AOEC (Association of Occupational and Environmental Clinics). 2009. AEOC exposures codes and asthmagen designation.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) 2006. Food Additive Status List. Downloaded from, Oct 16, 2006.
  • EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


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