Other ConcernsNon-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate)
Restricted: EWG VERIFIED products cannot contain this ingredient without adequate substantiation
See how this product scores for common concerns.
HIGHAllergies & Immunotoxicity
LOWDevelopmental and Reproductive Toxicity
- DATA SOURCES
Products with this Ingredient
|facial moisturizer/treatment||22 products|
|facial cleanser||14 products|
|serums & essences||10 products|
|bath oil/salts/soak||4 products|
|makeup remover||4 products|
|hand cream||4 products|
|baby lotion||3 products|
|hair treatment/serum||3 products|
|body oil||3 products|
|bar soap||2 products|
|around-eye cream||2 products|
|body wash/cleanser||2 products|
|fragrance for women||2 products|
|lip balm||2 products|
|daily use with SPF||1 products|
|liquid hand soap||1 products|
|baby soap||1 products|
|body powder||1 products|
|recreational sunscreen||1 products|
|baby shampoo||1 products|
|Known human any toxicant or allergen||Open scientific literature|
|Possible human any toxicant or allergen||Open scientific literature|
|Human any toxicant or allergen - strong evidence||Open scientific literature|
Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)
|Classified as medium human health priority||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
|Classified as not expected to be potentially toxic or harmful||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
Persistence and bioaccumulation
|Not suspected to be bioaccumulative||Open scientific literature|
|Not suspected to be persistent||Open scientific literature|
|Not suspected to be an environmental toxin||Environment Canada Domestic Substance List|
Multiple, additive exposure sources
|Designated as safe for general or specific, limited use in food||FDA Everything Added to Food|
|11 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemical||NLM PubMed|
|Restricted in cosmetics - labeling requirement for allergens||Open scientific literature|
- Open scientific/peer reviewed literature
- EC (Environment Canada). 2008. Domestic Substances List Categorization. Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) Environmental Registry.
- FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). 2008. EAFUS [Everything Added to Food]: A Food Additive Database. FDA Office of Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.
- NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data. http://www.pubmed.gov.
Cosmetics and personal care products are not required to be tested for safety before being allowed on the market. The Skin Deep® scoring system was designed to help the public understand whether a product is safe to use or whether it contains ingredients of concern.
Every product and ingredient in Skin Deep gets a two-part score – one for hazard and one for data availability. The safest products score well by both measures, with a low hazard rating and a fair or better data availability rating.HOW WE DETERMINE SCORES
The Skin Deep ingredient hazard score, from 1 to 10, reflects known and suspected hazards linked to the ingredients. The EWG VERIFIED® mark means a product meets EWG’s strictest criteria for transparency and health.
The Skin Deep data availability rating reflects the number of scientific studies about the product or ingredient in the published scientific literature.