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Data: Limited

  • Other Concerns
  • Functions
  • About the Chemical
  • Synonyms
  • Use restrictions (low)


Cancer concern is MODERATE

Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity

Developmental & reproductive toxicity concern is LOW

Allergies & Immunotoxicity

Allergies & immunotoxicity concern is LOW

Products with this Ingredient

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moisturizer69 products
facial moisturizer/treatment44 products
daily use with SPF41 products
facial cleanser31 products
body wash/cleanser30 products
serums & essences24 products
mask23 products
around-eye cream21 products
BB cream19 products
exfoliant/scrub18 products
shampoo17 products
foundation15 products
conditioner13 products
makeup primer11 products
sunless tanning10 products
recreational sunscreen10 products
antiperspirant/deodorant9 products
toners/astringents9 products
setting powder/spray8 products
toothpaste8 products
anti-aging7 products
baby wipes7 products
hand sanitizer7 products
hand cream7 products
baby soap6 products
lip balm6 products
baby shampoo6 products
eye shadow6 products
shaving cream6 products
body firming lotion6 products
hair styling aide5 products
after shave5 products
hair treatment/serum5 products
makeup remover5 products
concealer4 products
CC cream4 products
beard cleanser4 products
fragrance for men4 products
eye liner3 products
baby sunscreen3 products
after sun product3 products
liquid hand soap3 products
shaving cream (men's)3 products
damaged skin treatment2 products
foot moisturizer2 products
tooth whitening2 products
2 products
bar soap2 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men's)2 products
styling mousse/foam2 products
facial powder2 products
styling gel/lotion1 products
hair spray1 products
body oil1 products
beard care1 products
diaper cream1 products
baby toothpaste1 products
body art1 products
baby lotion1 products
bronzer/highlighter1 products
bath oil/salts/soak1 products
lipstick1 products
bubble bath1 products


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Concern Reference
Possible human carcinogenOpen scientific literature
Cancer - strong evidenceOpen scientific literature
Limited or incomplete evidence of cancer according to safety/hazard data – scientific review cannot classify as human carcinogen due to data gapsOpen scientific literature

Use restrictions

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Concern Reference
Determined safe for use in cosmetics, subject to concentration or use limitations - Safe for use in cosmetics with some qualificationsCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Developmental/reproductive toxicity

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Concern Reference
One or more animal studies show any effects at moderate dosesOpen scientific literature

Data gaps

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Concern Reference
Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps - Maximum reported "as used" concentration is basis of safety assessment by industry safety panel (Cosmetic Ingredient Review, CIR) - implicit safe concentration limit in productCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
Missing safety data noted by cosmetic industry reviewCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments
96 studies in PubMed science library may include information on the toxicity of this chemicalNLM PubMed


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Concern Reference
Industry or government recommendations for safe use: restrictions on concentration, impurities, product types, or manufacturing methods - Determined safe for use in cosmetics up to a specified concentration limitCosmetic Ingredient Review Assessments

Data Sources

  • Open scientific/peer reviewed literature
  • CIR (Cosmetic Ingredient Review). 2006. CIR Compendium, containing abstracts, discussions, and conclusions of CIR cosmetic ingredient safety assessments. Washington DC.
  • NLM (National Library of Medicine). 2012. PubMed online scientific bibliography data.

About this Ingredient's Score Range

  • This ingredient’s score is higher if a product likely contains the non-decolorized whole leaf aloe vera, which is known to cause cancer. The score will be lower if the decolorized version of the ingredient is used.
  • Products with the EWG VERIFIED mark have met use restrictions and warnings based on EWG review of company data.


EWG provides information on personal care product ingredients from the published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings below indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors which determine actual health risks, if any. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer


Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWG's strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIED™ on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products' ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED™ member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more | Legal Disclaimer