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OCIMUM BASILICUM (SWEET BASIL) OIL

 
Asthma/Respiratory
 
No Data, Some Concern
 
Skin Allergies &
Irritation
 
Some Concern
 
Developmental &
Reproductive Toxicity
 
Some Concern
 
Cancer
 
Some Concern
 
Environment
 
No Data, Some Concern
 
Top scoring factors: Evidence of cancer; skin irritation/allergies/damage; developmental/endocrine/reproductive effects
OCIMUM BASILICUM (SWEET BASIL) OIL can be found in 44 products.
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Evidence

Health issue
 
Level of Concern
 
Source
Component: ESTRAGOLE
Known to cause cancer
 
high
 
California OEHHA (Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment): Proposition 65 List (2020 Update)
Component: ESTRAGOLE
EPA's review of industry submitted toxicity data and the potential for human exposure concludes that this substance poses a moderate risk for human health.
 
some
 
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA): EPA Hazard-Based Prioritizations - Risks
Component: LINALOOL
Recognized by the European Union as a skin allergen
 
some
 
EU Cosmetics Directive: Allergen list
Component: LINALOOL
The European Commission's Scientific Committee on Consumer Safety reports this substance is an established contact allergen in humans.
 
some
 
EU Cosmetics Directive: Opinion on Frangrance allergens in cosmetics (2011)
Component: LINALOOL
NTP Toxcast scored 1.5-2.5
 
some
 
National Toxicology Program (NTP): EWG Toxcast Analysis
Component: ESTRAGOLE
NTP Toxcast scored 1.5-2.5
 
some
 
National Toxicology Program (NTP): EWG Toxcast Analysis
Component: LINALOOL
Causes skin irritation
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
European Chemicals Agency (ECHA): GHS Data from ECHA Website
Component: LINALOOL
This peer-reviewed study reports this substance is a significant skin sensitizer after oxidation.
 
some
 
Johanna Bråred Christensson, Mihály Matura, Birgitta Gruvberger, Magnus Bruze & Ann-Therese Karlberg. 2010. Linalool--a significant contact sensitizer after air exposure. Contact dermatitis 62(1), 32-41.
Component: LINALOOL
This peer-reviewed study reports this substance is a significant skin sensitizer after oxidation.
 
some
 
Johanna Bråred Christensson, Pia Forsström, Ann-Marie Wennberg, Ann-Therese Karlberg & Mihály Matura. 2009. Air oxidation increases skin irritation from fragrance terpenes. Contact dermatitis 60(1), 32-40.
Component: LINALOOL
This peer-reviewed study reports this substance is a significant skin sensitizer after oxidation.
 
some
 
Deirdre A. Buckley. 2011. Allergy to oxidized linalool in the UK. Contact dermatitis 64(4), 240-1.
Component: LINALOOL
This peer-reviewed study reports this substance is a contact skin allergen.
 
some
 
Mihály Matura, Maria Sköld, Anna Börje, Klaus E. Andersen, Magnus Bruze, Peter Frosch, An Goossens, Jeanne D. Johansen, Cecilia Svedman, Ian R. White & Ann-Therese Karlberg. 2005. Selected oxidized fragrance terpenes are common contact allergens. Contact dermatitis 52(6), 320-8.
Component: LINALOOL
causes serious eye irritation
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
European Chemicals Agency (ECHA): GHS Data from ECHA Website
A review article reports this substance may have anticarcinogenic activity
 
low
 
F. Bakkali, S. Averbeck, D. Averbeck & M. Idaomar. 2008. Biological effects of essential oils--a review. Food and chemical toxicology : an international journal published for the British Industrial Biological Research Association 46(2), 446-75.
A peer-reviewed study reports that botanical oils prevent oxidative damage.
 
low
 
Kevin P. Anthony, Suziat A. Deolu-Sobogun & Mahmoud A. Saleh. 2012. Comprehensive assessment of antioxidant activity of essential oils. Journal of food science 77(8), C839-43.
This substance is Generally Recognized as Safe (GRAS) as a food additive by the US Food and Drug Administration
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
low
 
U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA): FDA - Priority based Assessment of Food Additive (PAFA)
A review article reports this substance is not mutagenic
 
low
 
F. Bakkali, S. Averbeck, D. Averbeck & M. Idaomar. 2008. Biological effects of essential oils--a review. Food and chemical toxicology : an international journal published for the British Industrial Biological Research Association 46(2), 446-75.
Component: LINALOOL
This substance is Generally Recognized as Safe (GRAS) as a food additive by the US Food and Drug Administration
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
low
 
U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA): FDA - Priority based Assessment of Food Additive (PAFA)
Component: ESTRAGOLE
This substance is Generally Recognized as Safe (GRAS) as a food additive by the US Food and Drug Administration
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
low
 
U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA): FDA - Priority based Assessment of Food Additive (PAFA)
 
 
About the ratings About the ratings
EWG provides information on cleaning product ingredients from the published scientific... continue reading →
EWG provides information on cleaning product ingredients from published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors that determine actual health risks, if any. (Hide)
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