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OCIMUM BASILICUM (SWEET BASIL) OIL

 
Asthma/Respiratory
 
No Data, Some Concern
 
Skin Allergies &
Irritation
 
Some Concern
 
Developmental &
Reproductive Toxicity
 
Some Concern
 
Cancer
 
Some Concern
 
Environment
 
No Data, Some Concern
 
Top scoring factors: Evidence of cancer; skin irritation/allergies/damage; developmental/endocrine/reproductive effects
OCIMUM BASILICUM (SWEET BASIL) OIL can be found in 39 products.
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Evidence

Health issue
 
Level of Concern
 
Source
Component: ESTRAGOLE
Known to cause cancer
 
high
 
Prop 65 - CA Proposition 65
Component: ESTRAGOLE
EPA's review of industry submitted toxicity data and the potential for human exposure concludes that this substance poses a moderate risk for human health.
 
some
 
EPA Hazard-Based Prioritizations - Risks - Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
Component: LINALOOL
Recognized by the European Union as a skin allergen
 
some
 
Allergen list - EU Cosmetics Directive
Component: LINALOOL
The European Commission's Scientific Committee on Consumer Safety reports this substance is an established contact allergen in humans.
 
some
 
Opinion on Frangrance allergens in cosmetics (2011) - EU Cosmetics Directive
Component: EUGENOL
Recognized by the European Union as a skin allergen
 
some
 
Allergen list - EU Cosmetics Directive
Component: EUGENOL
The European Commission's Scientific Committee on Consumer Safety reports this substance is an established contact allergen in humans.
 
some
 
Opinion on Frangrance allergens in cosmetics (2011) - EU Cosmetics Directive
Component: EUGENOL
NTP Toxcast scored 2.5-3.5
 
some
 
EWG Toxcast Analysis - National Toxicology Program (NTP)
Component: EUGENOL
May cause an allergic skin reaction
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
GHS Data from ECHA Website - European Chemicals Agency (ECHA)
Component: LINALOOL
NTP Toxcast scored 1.5-2.5
 
some
 
EWG Toxcast Analysis - National Toxicology Program (NTP)
Component: ESTRAGOLE
NTP Toxcast scored 1.5-2.5
 
some
 
EWG Toxcast Analysis - National Toxicology Program (NTP)
Component: LINALOOL
Causes skin irritation
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
GHS Data from ECHA Website - European Chemicals Agency (ECHA)
Component: LINALOOL
This peer-reviewed study reports this substance is a significant skin sensitizer after oxidation.
 
some
 
Johanna Bråred Christensson, Mihály Matura, Birgitta Gruvberger, Magnus Bruze & Ann-Therese Karlberg. 2010. Linalool--a significant contact sensitizer after air exposure. Contact dermatitis 62(1), 32-41.
Component: LINALOOL
This peer-reviewed study reports this substance is a significant skin sensitizer after oxidation.
 
some
 
Johanna Bråred Christensson, Pia Forsström, Ann-Marie Wennberg, Ann-Therese Karlberg & Mihály Matura. 2009. Air oxidation increases skin irritation from fragrance terpenes. Contact dermatitis 60(1), 32-40.
Component: LINALOOL
This peer-reviewed study reports this substance is a significant skin sensitizer after oxidation.
 
some
 
Deirdre A. Buckley. 2011. Allergy to oxidized linalool in the UK. Contact dermatitis 64(4), 240-1.
Component: LINALOOL
This peer-reviewed study reports this substance is a contact skin allergen.
 
some
 
Mihály Matura, Ian R. White, Cecilia Svedman, Jeanne D. Johansen, An Goossens, Peter Frosch, Magnus Bruze, Klaus E. Andersen, Anna Börje, Maria Sköld & Ann-Therese Karlberg. 2005. Selected oxidized fragrance terpenes are common contact allergens. Contact dermatitis 52(6), 320-8.
Component: LINALOOL
causes serious eye irritation
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
GHS Data from ECHA Website - European Chemicals Agency (ECHA)
Component: EUGENOL
causes serious eye irritation
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
GHS Data from ECHA Website - European Chemicals Agency (ECHA)
Component: EUGENOL
Not classifiable as to its carcinogenicity to humans
 
low
 
IARC 103 - IARC
A review article reports this substance may have anticarcinogenic activity
 
low
 
F. Bakkali, S. Averbeck, D. Averbeck & M. Idaomar. 2008. Biological effects of essential oils--a review. Food and chemical toxicology : an international journal published for the British Industrial Biological Research Association 46(2), 446-75.
A peer-reviewed study reports that botanical oils prevent oxidative damage.
 
low
 
Kevin P. Anthony, Suziat A. Deolu-Sobogun & Mahmoud A. Saleh. 2012. Comprehensive assessment of antioxidant activity of essential oils. Journal of food science 77(8), C839-43.
This substance is Generally Recognized as Safe (GRAS) as a food additive by the US Food and Drug Administration
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
low
 
FDA - Priority based Assessment of Food Additive (PAFA) - U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA)
A review article reports this substance is not mutagenic
 
low
 
F. Bakkali, S. Averbeck, D. Averbeck & M. Idaomar. 2008. Biological effects of essential oils--a review. Food and chemical toxicology : an international journal published for the British Industrial Biological Research Association 46(2), 446-75.
A review article reports that terpenes may have anticancer properties.
 
low
 
Girija Kuttan, Poyil Pratheeshkumar, Kanjoormana Aryan Manu & Ramadasan Kuttan. 2011. Inhibition of tumor progression by naturally occurring terpenoids. Pharmaceutical biology 49(10), 995-1007.
Component: LINALOOL
This substance is Generally Recognized as Safe (GRAS) as a food additive by the US Food and Drug Administration
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
low
 
FDA - Priority based Assessment of Food Additive (PAFA) - U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA)
Component: TERPENES
A review article reports that terpenes may have anticancer properties.
 
low
 
Girija Kuttan, Poyil Pratheeshkumar, Kanjoormana Aryan Manu & Ramadasan Kuttan. 2011. Inhibition of tumor progression by naturally occurring terpenoids. Pharmaceutical biology 49(10), 995-1007.
Component: EUGENOL
This substance is Generally Recognized as Safe (GRAS) as a food additive by the US Food and Drug Administration
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
low
 
FDA - Priority based Assessment of Food Additive (PAFA) - U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA)
Component: ESTRAGOLE
This substance is Generally Recognized as Safe (GRAS) as a food additive by the US Food and Drug Administration
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
low
 
FDA - Priority based Assessment of Food Additive (PAFA) - U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA)
 
 
About the ratings About the ratings
EWG provides information on cleaning product ingredients from the published scientific... continue reading →
EWG provides information on cleaning product ingredients from published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors that determine actual health risks, if any. (Hide)
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