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F

CARBON BLACK (UNCERTIFIED D&C BLACK NO. 2)

 
Asthma/Respiratory
 
Some Concern
 
Skin Allergies &
Irritation
 
Low Concern
 
Developmental &
Reproductive Toxicity
 
No Data, Some Concern
 
Cancer
 
Moderate Concern
 
Environment
 
No Data, Some Concern
 
Top scoring factors: Evidence of cancer; damage to DNA; respiratory effects
Carbon black (Uncertified D&C Black No. 2) can be found in 1 product.
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Evidence

Health issue
 
Level of Concern
 
Source
Known to cause cancer
 
high
 
California OEHHA (Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment): Proposition 65 List (2020 Update)
Known to cause cancer
 
high
 
California OEHHA (Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment): Proposition 65 List (2020 Update)
SCCS concludes this substance impacts the immune system when inhaled.
 
moderate
 
European Commission, Scientific Committee on Consumer Safety (SCCS). 2015. Opinion on Carbon Black (nano-form).
SCCS concludes this substance may be carcinogenic when inhaled.
 
moderate
 
European Commission, Scientific Committee on Consumer Safety (SCCS). 2015. Opinion on Carbon Black (nano-form).
Possibly carcinogenic to humans
 
moderate
 
International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC): Agents classified by the IARC Monographs (through Volume 127)
Possibly carcinogenic to humans
 
moderate
 
International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC): Agents classified by the IARC Monographs (through Volume 127)
confirmed animal carcinogen with unknown relevance to humans
 
some
 
American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH): Threshold Limit Value (TLV) Basis
confirmed animal carcinogen with unknown relevance to humans
 
some
 
American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH): Threshold Limit Value (TLV) Basis
SCCS concludes this substance may be genotoxic based on in vivo and in vitro evidence.
 
some
 
European Commission, Scientific Committee on Consumer Safety (SCCS). 2015. Opinion on Carbon Black (nano-form).
SCCS concludes this substance may be toxic to reproduction/development when inhaled.
 
some
 
European Commission, Scientific Committee on Consumer Safety (SCCS). 2015. Opinion on Carbon Black (nano-form).
bronchitis
 
some
 
American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH): Threshold Limit Value (TLV) Basis
bronchitis
 
some
 
American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH): Threshold Limit Value (TLV) Basis
A peer-reviewed study reports that maternal inhalation of this substance led to neurodevelopmental effects in offspring.
 
some
 
Masakazu Umezawa, Atsuto Onoda, Irina Korshunova, Alexander C. Ø Jensen, Ismo K. Koponen, Keld A. Jensen, Konstantin Khodosevich, Ulla Vogel & Karin S. Hougaard. 2018. Maternal inhalation of carbon black nanoparticles induces neurodevelopmental changes in mouse offspring. Particle and fibre toxicology 15(1), 36.
SCCS reports that inhalation of this substance impacted lung function in healthy humans.
 
some
 
European Commission, Scientific Committee on Consumer Safety (SCCS). 2015. Opinion on Carbon Black (nano-form).
SCCS concludes this substance is not an eye irritant.
 
low
 
European Commission, Scientific Committee on Consumer Safety (SCCS). 2015. Opinion on Carbon Black (nano-form).
SCCS concludes this substance is not a skin irritant.
 
low
 
European Commission, Scientific Committee on Consumer Safety (SCCS). 2015. Opinion on Carbon Black (nano-form).

Impurities

Health issue
 
Level of Concern
 
Source
Impurity: ARSENIC
Very toxic to aquatic life
 
some
 
EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes: GHS Hazard Codes
Impurity: ARSENIC
Very toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects
 
some
 
EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes: GHS Hazard Codes
Impurity: ARSENIC
Carcinogenic to humans
 
some
 
International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC): Agents classified by the IARC Monographs (through Volume 127)
Impurity: ARSENIC
Known To Be Human Carcinogen
 
some
 
National Toxicology Program (NTP): NTP 14th Report on Carcinogens
Impurity: LEAD
Very toxic to aquatic life
 
some
 
EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes: GHS Hazard Codes
Impurity: LEAD
Very toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects
 
some
 
EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes: GHS Hazard Codes
Impurity: MERCURY
Causes damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure
 
some
 
EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes: GHS Hazard Codes
Impurity: MERCURY
Very toxic to aquatic life
 
some
 
EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes: GHS Hazard Codes
Impurity: MERCURY
Very toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects
 
some
 
EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes: GHS Hazard Codes
Impurity: MERCURY
Fatal if inhaled
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes: GHS Hazard Codes
Impurity: MERCURY
May damage the unborn child.
 
some
 
EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes: GHS Hazard Codes
Impurity: POLYCYCLIC AROMATIC HYDROCARBONS (PAHS)
May cause cancer
 
some
 
EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes: GHS Hazard Codes
Impurity: POLYCYCLIC AROMATIC HYDROCARBONS (PAHS)
Very toxic to aquatic life
 
some
 
EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes: GHS Hazard Codes
Impurity: POLYCYCLIC AROMATIC HYDROCARBONS (PAHS)
Very toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects
 
some
 
EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes: GHS Hazard Codes
Impurity: BENZO[A]PYRENE
May cause cancer
 
some
 
EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes: GHS Hazard Codes
Impurity: BENZO[A]PYRENE
Very toxic to aquatic life
 
some
 
EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes: GHS Hazard Codes
Impurity: BENZO[A]PYRENE
Very toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects
 
some
 
EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes: GHS Hazard Codes
Impurity: BENZO[A]PYRENE
May damage the unborn child.
 
some
 
EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes: GHS Hazard Codes
Impurity: BENZO[A]PYRENE
Known to cause cancer
 
some
 
California OEHHA (Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment): Proposition 65 List (2020 Update)
Impurity: BENZO[A]PYRENE
Carcinogenic to humans
 
some
 
International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC): Agents classified by the IARC Monographs (through Volume 127)
Impurity: CADMIUM
Suspected of causing genetic defects
 
some
 
EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes: GHS Hazard Codes
Impurity: CADMIUM
May cause cancer
 
some
 
EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes: GHS Hazard Codes
Impurity: CADMIUM
Causes damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure
 
some
 
EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes: GHS Hazard Codes
Impurity: CADMIUM
Very toxic to aquatic life
 
some
 
EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes: GHS Hazard Codes
Impurity: CADMIUM
Very toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects
 
some
 
EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes: GHS Hazard Codes
Impurity: CADMIUM
Fatal if inhaled
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes: GHS Hazard Codes
Impurity: CADMIUM
Suspected of damaging fertility.
 
some
 
EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes: GHS Hazard Codes
Impurity: CADMIUM
Suspected of damaging the unborn child.
 
some
 
EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes: GHS Hazard Codes
Impurity: CADMIUM
Carcinogenic to humans
 
some
 
International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC): Agents classified by the IARC Monographs (through Volume 127)
Impurity: CADMIUM
Known To Be Human Carcinogen
 
some
 
National Toxicology Program (NTP): NTP 14th Report on Carcinogens
Impurity: BENZO[A]PYRENE
Probably carcinogenic to humans
 
some
 
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA): EPA Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS) - Cancer
Impurity: BENZO[A]PYRENE
Reasonably Anticipated To Be Human Carcinogen
 
some
 
National Toxicology Program (NTP): NTP 14th Report on Carcinogens
Impurity: CADMIUM
Probably carcinogenic to humans
 
some
 
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA): EPA Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS) - Cancer
Impurity: ARSENIC
Toxic if swallowed
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes: GHS Hazard Codes
Impurity: ARSENIC
Toxic if inhaled
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes: GHS Hazard Codes
Impurity: MERCURY
peripheral nervous system impairment
 
some
 
American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH): Threshold Limit Value (TLV) Basis
Impurity: MERCURY
kidney damage
 
some
 
American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH): Threshold Limit Value (TLV) Basis
Impurity: MERCURY
central nervous system impairment
 
some
 
American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH): Threshold Limit Value (TLV) Basis
Impurity: BENZO[A]PYRENE
cancer
 
some
 
American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH): Threshold Limit Value (TLV) Basis
Impurity: CADMIUM
kidney damage
 
some
 
American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH): Threshold Limit Value (TLV) Basis
Impurity: BENZO[A]PYRENE
suspected human carcinogen
 
some
 
American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH): Threshold Limit Value (TLV) Basis
Impurity: CADMIUM
suspected human carcinogen
 
some
 
American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH): Threshold Limit Value (TLV) Basis
Impurity: LEAD
Possibly carcinogenic to humans
 
some
 
International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC): Agents classified by the IARC Monographs (through Volume 127)
Impurity: LEAD
may cause cancer
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
European Chemicals Agency (ECHA): GHS Data from ECHA Website
Impurity: LEAD
confirmed animal carcinogen with unknown relevance to humans
 
some
 
American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH): Threshold Limit Value (TLV) Basis
Impurity: ARSENIC
Carcinogenic to humans
 
some
 
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA): EPA Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS) - Cancer
Impurity: ARSENIC
The Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry reports this substance damages the cardiovascular system.
 
some
 
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services - Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. 2007. Toxicological Profile for Arsenic.
Impurity: ARSENIC
The Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry reports this substance damages the immune system.
 
some
 
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services - Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. 2007. Toxicological Profile for Arsenic.
Impurity: ARSENIC
The Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry reports this substance causes damage to the skin.
 
some
 
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services - Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. 2007. Toxicological Profile for Arsenic.
Impurity: ARSENIC
The Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry reports this substance can damage the kidneys.
 
some
 
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services - Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. 2007. Toxicological Profile for Arsenic.
Impurity: LEAD
Known to cause reproductive toxicity (to females)
 
some
 
California OEHHA (Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment): Proposition 65 List (2020 Update)
Impurity: LEAD
Known to cause reproductive toxicity (to males)
 
some
 
California OEHHA (Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment): Proposition 65 List (2020 Update)
Impurity: LEAD
Known to cause reproductive toxicity
 
some
 
California OEHHA (Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment): Proposition 65 List (2020 Update)
Impurity: LEAD
May damage the unborn child.
 
some
 
EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes: GHS Hazard Codes
Impurity: LEAD
Suspected of damaging fertility.
 
some
 
EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes: GHS Hazard Codes
Impurity: BENZO[A]PYRENE
May cause genetic defects
 
some
 
EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes: GHS Hazard Codes
Impurity: BENZO[A]PYRENE
May damage fertility.
 
some
 
EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes: GHS Hazard Codes
Impurity: BENZO[A]PYRENE
Clear evidence of endocrine disruption in at least one animal study
 
some
 
EU Endocrine: EU Endocrine Disrupters
Impurity: LEAD
Probably carcinogenic to humans
 
some
 
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA): EPA Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS) - Cancer
Impurity: LEAD
Reasonably Anticipated To Be Human Carcinogen
 
some
 
National Toxicology Program (NTP): NTP 14th Report on Carcinogens
Impurity: ARSENIC
Toxic if swallowed
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes: GHS Hazard Codes
Impurity: ARSENIC
Toxic if inhaled
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes: GHS Hazard Codes
Impurity: ARSENIC
confirmed human carcinogen
 
some
 
American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH): Threshold Limit Value (TLV) Basis
Impurity: ARSENIC
cancer
 
some
 
American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH): Threshold Limit Value (TLV) Basis
Impurity: ARSENIC
lung cancer
 
some
 
American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH): Threshold Limit Value (TLV) Basis
Impurity: LEAD
peripheral nervous system impairment
 
some
 
American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH): Threshold Limit Value (TLV) Basis
Impurity: LEAD
hematologic effects
 
some
 
American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH): Threshold Limit Value (TLV) Basis
Impurity: MERCURY
central nervous system impairment
 
some
 
American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH): Threshold Limit Value (TLV) Basis
Impurity: MERCURY
EPA's review of industry submitted toxicity data and the potential for human exposure concludes that this substance poses a high risk for human health.
 
some
 
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA): EPA Hazard-Based Prioritizations - Risks
Impurity: BENZO[A]PYRENE
Exposure by all routes should be carefully controlled to levels as low as possible
 
some
 
American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH): Threshold Limit Value (TLV) Basis
Impurity: LEAD
Harmful if swallowed
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
European Chemicals Agency (ECHA): GHS Data from ECHA Website
Impurity: LEAD
harmful in inhaled
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
European Chemicals Agency (ECHA): GHS Data from ECHA Website
Impurity: ARSENIC
The Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry reports this substance shows some evidence of damage to the developing fetus.
 
some
 
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services - Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. 2007. Toxicological Profile for Arsenic.
Impurity: LEAD
May cause damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure
 
some
 
EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes: GHS Hazard Codes
Impurity: LEAD
Harmful if swallowed
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes: GHS Hazard Codes
Impurity: LEAD
Harmful if inhaled
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes: GHS Hazard Codes
Impurity: ARSENIC
may cause cancer
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
European Chemicals Agency (ECHA): GHS Data from ECHA Website
Impurity: LEAD
may cause harm to breast-fed children
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
European Chemicals Agency (ECHA): GHS Data from ECHA Website
Impurity: LEAD
may damage fertility or the unborn child
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
European Chemicals Agency (ECHA): GHS Data from ECHA Website
Impurity: LEAD
causes damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
European Chemicals Agency (ECHA): GHS Data from ECHA Website
Impurity: MERCURY
Fatal if swallowed
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
European Chemicals Agency (ECHA): GHS Data from ECHA Website
Impurity: MERCURY
fatal if inhaled
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
European Chemicals Agency (ECHA): GHS Data from ECHA Website
Impurity: BENZO[A]PYRENE
May cause an allergic skin reaction
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes: GHS Hazard Codes
Impurity: SULFUR
Causes serious eye damage
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
European Chemicals Agency (ECHA): GHS Data from ECHA Website
Impurity: SULFUR
Causes skin irritation
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes: GHS Hazard Codes
Impurity: ARSENIC
may cause drowsiness or dizziness
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
European Chemicals Agency (ECHA): GHS Data from ECHA Website
Impurity: LEAD
Harmful if swallowed
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
European Chemicals Agency (ECHA): GHS Data from ECHA Website
Impurity: LEAD
harmful in inhaled
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
European Chemicals Agency (ECHA): GHS Data from ECHA Website
Impurity: LEAD
may cause damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
European Chemicals Agency (ECHA): GHS Data from ECHA Website
Impurity: SULFUR
may cause respiratory irritation
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
European Chemicals Agency (ECHA): GHS Data from ECHA Website
Impurity: ARSENIC
Causes serious eye damage
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
European Chemicals Agency (ECHA): GHS Data from ECHA Website
Impurity: ARSENIC
Causes skin irritation
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
European Chemicals Agency (ECHA): GHS Data from ECHA Website
Impurity: ARSENIC
causes serious eye irritation
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
European Chemicals Agency (ECHA): GHS Data from ECHA Website
Impurity: MERCURY
Not classifiable as to its carcinogenicity to humans
 
low
 
International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC): Agents classified by the IARC Monographs (through Volume 127)
Impurity: MERCURY
Not classifiable as to human carcinogenicity
 
low
 
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA): EPA Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS) - Cancer
Impurity: MERCURY
not classifiable as a human carcinogen
 
low
 
American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH): Threshold Limit Value (TLV) Basis
 
 
About the ratings About the ratings
EWG provides information on cleaning product ingredients from the published scientific... continue reading →
EWG provides information on cleaning product ingredients from published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors that determine actual health risks, if any. (Hide)
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