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ALKYL GLUCOSIDES AND POLYGLUCOSIDES

Products with this unspecific ingredient may be composed of any the specific substances listed below. The evidence shown is based on the most concerning group member.
Asthma/Respiratory
 
No Data, Some Concern
 
Skin Allergies &
Irritation
 
Low Concern
 
Developmental &
Reproductive Toxicity
 
Low Concern
 
Cancer
 
No Data, Some Concern
 
Environment
 
No Data, Some Concern
 
Top scoring factors: No information available on this substance.
This unspecific ingredient, Alkyl glucosides and polyglucosides, can be found in 75 products.
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Evidence

Health issue
 
Level of Concern
 
Source
Alkyl glucosides and polyglucosides
A review of industry studies indicates alkyl polyglucosides are not mutagenic.
 
low
 
Andreas Willing, Horst Messinger & Walter Aulmann. 2004. Ecology and Toxicology of Alkyl Polyglycosides. New York: Marcel Dekker.
Alkyl glucosides and polyglucosides
A review of industry studies indicates alkyl polyglucosides are not estrogenic.
 
low
 
Andreas Willing, Horst Messinger & Walter Aulmann. 2004. Ecology and Toxicology of Alkyl Polyglycosides. New York: Marcel Dekker.
Alkyl glucosides and polyglucosides
A review of industry and published studies shows that alkyl polyglucosides are readily biodegradable.
 
low
 
Andreas Willing, Horst Messinger & Walter Aulmann. 2004. Ecology and Toxicology of Alkyl Polyglycosides. New York: Marcel Dekker.
Alkyl glucosides and polyglucosides
A review of industry data indicates alkyl polyglucosides do not cause mutations.
 
low
 
Kristin Kocher & H.-J. Wiegand. 2000. Toxicology and Dermatology. New York: Marcel Dekker.
Alkyl glucosides and polyglucosides
A review of industry studies indicates alkyl polyglucosides have low acute oral toxicity.
 
low
 
Andreas Willing, Horst Messinger & Walter Aulmann. 2004. Ecology and Toxicology of Alkyl Polyglycosides. New York: Marcel Dekker.
Alkyl glucosides and polyglucosides
A peer-reviewed study found alkyl polyglucosides did not possess estrogenic or anti-estrogenic properties.
 
low
 
H. Messinger, W. Aulmann, M. Kleber & W. Koehl. 2007. Investigations on the effects of alkyl polyglucosides on development and fertility. Food and chemical toxicology : an international journal published for the British Industrial Biological Research Association 45(8), 1375-82.
Alkyl glucosides and polyglucosides
A review of industry studies indicates alkyl polyglucosides are not dermal sensitizers.
 
low
 
Andreas Willing, Horst Messinger & Walter Aulmann. 2004. Ecology and Toxicology of Alkyl Polyglycosides. New York: Marcel Dekker.
Alkyl glucosides and polyglucosides
A review of industry data indicates alkyl polyglucosides have low acute dermal toxicity.
 
low
 
Kristin Kocher & H.-J. Wiegand. 2000. Toxicology and Dermatology. New York: Marcel Dekker.
Alkyl glucosides and polyglucosides
A review of industry data indicates alkyl polyglucosides are not skin sensitizers.
 
low
 
Kristin Kocher & H.-J. Wiegand. 2000. Toxicology and Dermatology. New York: Marcel Dekker.
Alkyl glucosides and polyglucosides
A peer-reviewed study found alkyl polyglucosides were not toxic to reproduction.
 
low
 
H. Messinger, W. Aulmann, M. Kleber & W. Koehl. 2007. Investigations on the effects of alkyl polyglucosides on development and fertility. Food and chemical toxicology : an international journal published for the British Industrial Biological Research Association 45(8), 1375-82.
Alkyl glucosides and polyglucosides
A peer-reviewed study found alkyl polyglucosides were not teratogenic.
 
low
 
H. Messinger, W. Aulmann, M. Kleber & W. Koehl. 2007. Investigations on the effects of alkyl polyglucosides on development and fertility. Food and chemical toxicology : an international journal published for the British Industrial Biological Research Association 45(8), 1375-82.
Alkyl glucosides and polyglucosides
A review of industry studies shows alkyl polyglucosides do not irritate the skin at concentrations below 30 percent.
 
low
 
Andreas Willing, Horst Messinger & Walter Aulmann. 2004. Ecology and Toxicology of Alkyl Polyglycosides. New York: Marcel Dekker.
Alkyl glucosides and polyglucosides
A review of industry data indicates alkyl polyglucosides are not skin irritants at concentrations relevant to cleaners.
 
low
 
Kristin Kocher & H.-J. Wiegand. 2000. Toxicology and Dermatology. New York: Marcel Dekker.
Alkyl glucosides and polyglucosides
A review of industry data indicates alkyl polyglucosides have low acute oral toxicity.
 
low
 
Kristin Kocher & H.-J. Wiegand. 2000. Toxicology and Dermatology. New York: Marcel Dekker.
Alkyl glucosides and polyglucosides
Human patch testing shows that incidence of alkyl glucoside-induced allergic dermatitis is relatively high.
 
some
 
Bevin Bhoyrul, Lea Solman, Stephen Kirk, David Orton & Mark Wilkinson. 2019. Patch testing with alkyl glucosides: Concomitant reactions are common but not ubiquitous. Contact dermatitis 80(5), 286-290.
Alkyl glucosides and polyglucosides
Human patch testing shows that incidence of alkyl glucoside-induced allergic dermatitis is relatively high.
 
some
 
Dorien Gijbels, An Timmermans, Pedro Serrano, Evelyne Verreycken & An Goossens. 2014. Allergic contact dermatitis caused by alkyl glucosides. Contact dermatitis 70(3), 175-82.
Alkyl glucosides and polyglucosides
A review of industry studies notes reduced testis and accessory sex gland weight in an animal study
 
some
 
Andreas Willing, Horst Messinger & Walter Aulmann. 2004. Ecology and Toxicology of Alkyl Polyglycosides. New York: Marcel Dekker.

Impurities

Health issue
 
Level of Concern
 
Source
Alkyl glucosides and polyglucosides
Impurity: ETHYLENE OXIDE
This substance is Generally Recognized as Safe (GRAS) as a food additive by the US Food and Drug Administration
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
low
 
FDA - Priority based Assessment of Food Additive (PAFA) - U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA)
Alkyl glucosides and polyglucosides
Impurity: 1,4-DIOXANE
EPA testing shows this substance has low acute toxicity to aquatic life
 
low
 
EPA Fathead Minnow Acute Toxicity Database - Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
Alkyl glucosides and polyglucosides
Impurity: ETHYLENE OXIDE
causes serious eye irritation
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
GHS Data from ECHA Website - European Chemicals Agency (ECHA)
Alkyl glucosides and polyglucosides
Impurity: ETHYLENE OXIDE
Causes serious eye damage
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
GHS Data from ECHA Website - European Chemicals Agency (ECHA)
Alkyl glucosides and polyglucosides
Impurity: ETHYLENE OXIDE
Causes skin irritation
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
GHS Data from ECHA Website - European Chemicals Agency (ECHA)
Alkyl glucosides and polyglucosides
Impurity: ETHYLENE OXIDE
Causes serious eye irritation
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
GHS Hazard Codes - EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes
Alkyl glucosides and polyglucosides
Impurity: 1,4-DIOXANE
Causes serious eye irritation
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
GHS Hazard Codes - EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes
Alkyl glucosides and polyglucosides
Impurity: ETHYLENE OXIDE
may cause respiratory irritation
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
GHS Data from ECHA Website - European Chemicals Agency (ECHA)
Alkyl glucosides and polyglucosides
Impurity: ETHYLENE OXIDE
Causes skin irritation
 
some
 
NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards - Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
Alkyl glucosides and polyglucosides
Impurity: ETHYLENE OXIDE
Causes eye corrosion
Only in: Drain Opener/Clog Remover; Oven Cleaner
 
some
 
NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards - Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
Alkyl glucosides and polyglucosides
Impurity: 1,4-DIOXANE
Causes skin irritation
 
some
 
NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards - Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
Alkyl glucosides and polyglucosides
Impurity: ETHYLENE OXIDE
Harmful if swallowed
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
GHS Data from ECHA Website - European Chemicals Agency (ECHA)
Alkyl glucosides and polyglucosides
Impurity: ETHYLENE OXIDE
Causes skin irritation
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
GHS Hazard Codes - EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes
Alkyl glucosides and polyglucosides
Impurity: ETHYLENE OXIDE
Causes respiratory irritation
 
some
 
NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards - Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
Alkyl glucosides and polyglucosides
Impurity: 1,4-DIOXANE
Causes respiratory irritation
 
some
 
NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards - Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
Alkyl glucosides and polyglucosides
Impurity: ETHYLENE OXIDE
May cause respiratory irritation
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
GHS Hazard Codes - EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes
Alkyl glucosides and polyglucosides
Impurity: 1,4-DIOXANE
May cause respiratory irritation
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
GHS Hazard Codes - EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes
Alkyl glucosides and polyglucosides
Impurity: 1,4-DIOXANE
confirmed animal carcinogen with unknown relevance to humans
 
some
 
Threshold Limit Value (TLV) Basis - American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH)
Alkyl glucosides and polyglucosides
Impurity: 1,4-DIOXANE
Possibly carcinogenic to humans
 
some
 
Agents classified by the IARC Monographs (through Volume 127) - International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC)
Alkyl glucosides and polyglucosides
Impurity: ETHYLENE OXIDE
suspected human carcinogen
 
some
 
Threshold Limit Value (TLV) Basis - American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH)
Alkyl glucosides and polyglucosides
Impurity: ETHYLENE OXIDE
Causes pulmonary edema
 
some
 
NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards - Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
Alkyl glucosides and polyglucosides
Impurity: ETHYLENE OXIDE
Causes skin corrosion
Only in: Oven Cleaner; Drain Opener/Clog Remover
 
some
 
NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards - Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
Alkyl glucosides and polyglucosides
Impurity: ETHYLENE OXIDE
Causes reproductive effects
 
some
 
NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards - Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
Alkyl glucosides and polyglucosides
Impurity: ETHYLENE OXIDE
Causes leukemia
 
some
 
NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards - Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
Alkyl glucosides and polyglucosides
Impurity: ETHYLENE OXIDE
Causes peritoneal cancer
 
some
 
NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards - Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
Alkyl glucosides and polyglucosides
Impurity: ETHYLENE OXIDE
cancer
 
some
 
Threshold Limit Value (TLV) Basis - American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH)
Alkyl glucosides and polyglucosides
Impurity: ETHYLENE OXIDE
central nervous system impairment
 
some
 
Threshold Limit Value (TLV) Basis - American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH)
Alkyl glucosides and polyglucosides
Impurity: ETHYLENE OXIDE
Asthmagen (irritation)
 
some
 
AOEC Exposure Code List (2020 Update) - Association of Occupational and Environmental Clinics (AOEC)
Alkyl glucosides and polyglucosides
Impurity: 1,4-DIOXANE
Causes cancer
 
some
 
NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards - Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
Alkyl glucosides and polyglucosides
Impurity: 1,4-DIOXANE
liver damage
 
some
 
Threshold Limit Value (TLV) Basis - American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH)
Alkyl glucosides and polyglucosides
Impurity: ETHYLENE OXIDE
Toxic if inhaled
Only in: Household Cleaners
 
some
 
GHS Hazard Codes - EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes
Alkyl glucosides and polyglucosides
Impurity: 1,4-DIOXANE
Reasonably Anticipated To Be Human Carcinogen
 
some
 
NTP 14th Report on Carcinogens - National Toxicology Program (NTP)
Alkyl glucosides and polyglucosides
Impurity: ETHYLENE OXIDE
May cause genetic defects
 
some
 
GHS Hazard Codes - EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes
Alkyl glucosides and polyglucosides
Impurity: ETHYLENE OXIDE
May cause cancer
 
some
 
GHS Hazard Codes - EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes
Alkyl glucosides and polyglucosides
Impurity: ETHYLENE OXIDE
Known to cause cancer
 
some
 
Proposition 65 List (2020 Update) - California OEHHA (Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment)
Alkyl glucosides and polyglucosides
Impurity: ETHYLENE OXIDE
Known to cause reproductive toxicity (to females)
 
some
 
Proposition 65 List (2020 Update) - California OEHHA (Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment)
Alkyl glucosides and polyglucosides
Impurity: ETHYLENE OXIDE
Known to cause reproductive toxicity (to males)
 
some
 
Proposition 65 List (2020 Update) - California OEHHA (Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment)
Alkyl glucosides and polyglucosides
Impurity: ETHYLENE OXIDE
Known to cause reproductive toxicity
 
some
 
Proposition 65 List (2020 Update) - California OEHHA (Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment)
Alkyl glucosides and polyglucosides
Impurity: ETHYLENE OXIDE
Carcinogenic to humans
 
some
 
Agents classified by the IARC Monographs (through Volume 127) - International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC)
Alkyl glucosides and polyglucosides
Impurity: ETHYLENE OXIDE
Known To Be Human Carcinogen
 
some
 
NTP 14th Report on Carcinogens - National Toxicology Program (NTP)
Alkyl glucosides and polyglucosides
Impurity: 1,4-DIOXANE
Suspected of causing cancer
 
some
 
GHS Hazard Codes - EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes
Alkyl glucosides and polyglucosides
Impurity: 1,4-DIOXANE
Known to cause cancer
 
some
 
Proposition 65 List (2020 Update) - California OEHHA (Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment)
 
 
About the ratings About the ratings
EWG provides information on cleaning product ingredients from the published scientific... continue reading →
EWG provides information on cleaning product ingredients from published scientific literature, to supplement incomplete data available from companies and the government. The ratings indicate the relative level of concern posed by exposure to the ingredients in this product - not the product itself - compared to other product formulations. The ratings reflect potential health hazards but do not account for the level of exposure or individual susceptibility, factors that determine actual health risks, if any. (Hide)
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