GROUP:

EWG Study #10, cosmetic chemicals in teens


health & safety concerns:
chemicals found
on average indivi-
dual range
entire group
Immune system (including sensitization and allergies) 5 5-7 7
Respiratory system 4 4-4 4
Chronic effects, general 3 2-4 4
Endocrine system 2 1-4 4
Skin 1 1-2 2
Gastrointestinal (including liver) 1 1-1 1
Reproduction and fertility 1 1-1 1
Cancer 1 1-1 1

Group members:

(20 People)

Anonymous Teen 20
Emma Spencer
Erin Schrode
Linda Loi
Sydney Blankers
Sarah Oswald
Asta Haman-Dicko
Laurie Mittelmann
Jenny Gilbertson
Anonymous Teen 11
Anonymous Teen 9
Christa Heffron
Caroline Burlingame
Monica Paulson
Donalin Cazeau
Natalie Klapper
Jessica Assaf
Hope Atkins
Rizza Alcaria
Alex Wells


Locations:

San Rafael, CA
Ross, CA
San Leandro, CA
Tuolumne, CA
Manteca, CA
Washington, DC
Austin, TX
Winchester, MA
Portland, OR
San Francisco, CA
Belmont, CA
Los Angeles, CA
Palm Beach Gardens, FL
Langhorne, PA
North Caldwell, NJ
University Place, WA
Dorchester, MA
Novato, CA



picture of group

Group: EWG Study #10, cosmetic chemicals in teens
Found 16 of 25 tested chemicals (20 participants)

The blood and urine of the "EWG Study #10, cosmetic chemicals in teens" group contained 16 of 25 industrial compounds, pollutants and other chemicals tested, including chemicals linked to immune system toxicity, respiratory system toxicity, and chronic effects.

Summary of chemicals found in EWG Study #10, cosmetic chemicals in teens

chemical family level found in group health effects exposure routes
Nitro- and polycylic- musks12% high
41% moderate
18% low
Endocrine system, Cancer Cosmetics, perfumes, cleaning agents, detergents, soaps
Parabens35% high
50% moderate
15% low
Personal care products, some foods, beverages, and medications
Phthalates20% high
65% moderate
15% low
Endocrine system Cosmetics, paint, soft plastic, food packaging, and other consumer products
Triclosan30% high
70% moderate
Endocrine system, Skin Antibacterial soap, toothpaste, cosmetics, cleaning products, shoe insoles, plastic cutting boards, other antibacterial items

Detailed report by chemical (return to summary)

nitro- and polycylic- musks

2 of 11 found

Fragrance ingredients. Build up in human tissues. May harm hormone system.

0.0547ng/g in blood serum4.23


Total Nitro- and polycylic- musks

Synthetic fragrance in cosmetics, detergents, soaps. Can irritate the skin and bioaccumulate in people. Suspected hormone disruptor.

0.0634ng/g in blood serum0.105


Synthetic fragrance in cosmetics, cleaning agents, detergents, air fresheners, perfumes. Suspected hormone disruptor. Prevents cells from blocking entry of toxins in animal study. Bioaccumulative.

0.0547ng/g in blood serum3.6


parabens

6 of 6 found

Preservatives in cosmetics. Cause skin irritation and allergies. May be linked to hormone disruption and breast cancer.

8.39ug/g creatinine in urine3820


Total Parabens

Preservative widely used in cosmetics. Can trigger skin allergy and irritation, and may be linked to hormone disruption and breast cancer.

0.0799ug/g creatinine in urine0.608


Preservative widely used in cosmetics. Can trigger skin allergy and irritation, and may be linked to hormone disruption and breast cancer.

0.268ug/g creatinine in urine78.7


Preservative widely used in cosmetics. Can trigger skin allergy and irritation, and may be linked to hormone disruption and breast cancer.

0.54ug/g creatinine in urine138


Preservative widely used in cosmetics. Can trigger skin allergy and irritation, and may be linked to hormone disruption and breast cancer.

0.397ug/g creatinine in urine20.7


Preservative widely used in cosmetics. Can trigger skin allergy and irritation, and may be linked to hormone disruption and breast cancer.

6.47ug/g creatinine in urine2920


Preservative widely used in cosmetics. Can trigger skin allergy and irritation, and may be linked to hormone disruption and breast cancer.

0.786ug/g creatinine in urine898


phthalates

7 of 7 found

In cosmetics, paint, and plastics. Linked to sperm damage and birth defects of male reproductive system.

102ug/g creatinine in urine10800


Total Phthalates

Breakdown product of bis(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP), used in plastics; fetal and adult exposure to DEHP in animals is linked to male reproductive issues.

5.64ug/g creatinine in urine6960


Breakdown product of bis(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP), used in plastics; fetal and adult exposure to DEHP in animals is linked to male reproductive issues.

5.98ug/g creatinine in urine2850


Breakdown product of bis(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP), used in plastics. Linked to male reproductive issues in people and animals.

1.45ug/g creatinine in urine829


Formed from dibutyl phthalates, used in nail polish, cosmetics, and other consumer products; linked to birth defects and male reproductive issues.

7.53ug/g creatinine in urine250


Breakdown product of benzylbutyl phthalate, used in vinyl flooring, car-care products, some cosmetics. Fetal and adult exposures are linked to male reproductive problems.

2.73ug/g creatinine in urine436


Breakdown product of diethyl phthalate, used in consumer products, fragrances. Fetal and adult exposures are linked to male reproductive problems.

9.38ug/g creatinine in urine849


Breakdown product of dimethyl phthalate, used in insect repellant, plastic, rocket propellant. Fetal and adult exposures are linked to male reproductive problems in people.

3.25ug/g creatinine in urine323


triclosan

1 of 1 found

Antibacterial agent (pesticide) in liquid hand soap, toothpaste, cosmetics, cleaning products, footwear, and plastic products labeled "antibacterial." Triclosan may disrupt thyroid hormones, and can form several chemicals with health and environmental concerns.

0.43ug/g creatinine in urine350


References/Notes

[1] CDC (2005). National Report on Human Exposure to Environmental Chemicals, Centers for Disease Control. http://www.cdc.gov/exposurereport/. (Methylmercury results have been compared to total mercury in CDC biomonitoring.)