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EWG's Tap Water Database

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Madison Water Utility

 

EWG's drinking water quality report shows results of tests conducted by the water utility and provided to the Environmental Working Group by the Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources, as well as information from the U.S. EPA Enforcement and Compliance History database (ECHO). For the latest quarter assessed by the EPA (July 2018 - September 2018), tap water provided by this water utility was in compliance with federal health-based drinking water standards.

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6

contaminants detected above health guidelines

19

other detected contaminants

    Includes chemicals detected in 2015 for which annual utility averages exceeded an EWG-selected health guideline established by a federal or state public health authority; chemicals detected under the EPA's Unregulated Contaminant Monitoring Rule (UCMR 3) program in 2013 to 2015, for which annual utility averages exceeded a health guideline established by a federal or state public health authority.

  • Bromodichloromethane

    cancer

    Bromodichloromethane, one of the total trihalomethanes (TTHMs), is formed when chlorine or other disinfectants are used to treat drinking water. Bromodichloromethane and other disinfection byproducts increase the risk of cancer and may cause problems during pregnancy. Click here to read more about disinfection byproducts.

    STATE

    NATIONAL

    THIS UTILITY

    How your levels compare

    HEALTH GUIDELINE:
    0.06 ppb
    4.38 ppb
    2.53 ppb
    0.731 ppb
    The State and National averages were calculated using the averages of the contaminant measurements for each utility in 2015.
    ppb = parts per billion.

    Health risks of bromodichloromethane in excess of health guideline

    The health guideline of 0.06 ppb for bromodichloromethane was proposed in 2018 by the California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment as a one-in-a-million lifetime risk of cancer. Values greater than one-in-a-million cancer risk level can result in increased cancer cases above one in a million people.

    Testing summary by quarter

    NOT TESTED

    NOT DETECTED

    DETECTED

    ABOVE HEALTH GUIDELINE

    • Utility Average 2015: 0.731 ppb
    • Health Guideline Exceeded 2015: Yes
    • Legal Limit Exceeded 2015: No
    Utility
    Average
    2015
    Health
    Guideline
    Exceeded
    2015
    Legal
    Limit
    Exceeded
    2015
    2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
    0.731 ppb Yes No

  • Chloroform

    cancer

    Chloroform, one of the total trihalomethanes (TTHMs), is formed when chlorine or other disinfectants are used to treat drinking water. Chloroform and other disinfection byproducts increase the risk of cancer and may cause problems during pregnancy.

    STATE

    NATIONAL

    THIS UTILITY

    How your levels compare

    HEALTH GUIDELINE:
    0.4 ppb
    11.5 ppb
    5.91 ppb
    0.559 ppb
    The State and National averages were calculated using the averages of the contaminant measurements for each utility in 2015.
    ppb = parts per billion.

    Health risks of chloroform in excess of health guideline

    The health guideline of 0.4 ppb for chloroform was proposed in 2018 by the California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment as a one-in-a-million lifetime risk of cancer. Values greater than one-in-a-million cancer risk level can result in increased cancer cases above one in a million people.

    Testing summary by quarter

    NOT TESTED

    NOT DETECTED

    DETECTED

    ABOVE HEALTH GUIDELINE

    • Utility Average 2015: 0.559 ppb
    • Health Guideline Exceeded 2015: Yes
    • Legal Limit Exceeded 2015: No
    Utility
    Average
    2015
    Health
    Guideline
    Exceeded
    2015
    Legal
    Limit
    Exceeded
    2015
    2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
    0.559 ppb Yes No

  • Chromium (hexavalent)

    cancer

    Chromium (hexavalent) is a carcinogen that commonly contaminates American drinking water. Chromium (hexavalent) in drinking water may be due to industrial pollution or natural occurrences in mineral deposits and groundwater. Read more about chromium (hexavalent).

    STATE

    NATIONAL

    THIS UTILITY

    How your levels compare

    HEALTH GUIDELINE:
    0.02 ppb
    0.782 ppb
    0.307 ppb
    0.657 ppb
    The State and National averages were calculated using the averages of the contaminant measurements for each utility in 2010-2015.
    ppb = parts per billion.

    Health risks of chromium (hexavalent) in excess of health guideline

    The health guideline of 0.02 ppb for chromium (hexavalent) was defined by the California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment as a public health goal, the level of a drinking water contaminant that does not pose a significant health risk. This health guideline protects against cancer.

    Testing summary by quarter

    NOT TESTED

    NOT DETECTED

    DETECTED

    ABOVE HEALTH GUIDELINE

    • Utility Average 2010-2015: 0.657 ppb
    • Health Guideline Exceeded 2010-2015: Yes
    • Legal Limit Exceeded 2010-2015: No
    Utility
    Average
    2010-2015
    Health
    Guideline
    Exceeded
    2010-2015
    Legal
    Limit
    Exceeded
    2010-2015
    2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
    0.657 ppb Yes No

  • Dibromochloromethane

    cancer

    Dibromochloromethane, one of the total trihalomethanes (TTHMs), is formed when chlorine or other disinfectants are used to treat drinking water. Dibromochloromethane and other disinfection byproducts increase the risk of cancer and may cause problems during pregnancy. Click here to read more about disinfection byproducts.

    STATE

    NATIONAL

    THIS UTILITY

    How your levels compare

    HEALTH GUIDELINE:
    0.1 ppb
    3.01 ppb
    1.67 ppb
    0.769 ppb
    The State and National averages were calculated using the averages of the contaminant measurements for each utility in 2015.
    ppb = parts per billion.

    Health risks of dibromochloromethane in excess of health guideline

    The health guideline of 0.1 ppb for dibromochloromethane was proposed in 2018 by the California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment as a one-in-a-million lifetime risk of cancer. Values greater than one-in-a-million cancer risk level can result in increased cancer cases above one in a million people.

    Testing summary by quarter

    NOT TESTED

    NOT DETECTED

    DETECTED

    ABOVE HEALTH GUIDELINE

    • Utility Average 2015: 0.769 ppb
    • Health Guideline Exceeded 2015: Yes
    • Legal Limit Exceeded 2015: No
    Utility
    Average
    2015
    Health
    Guideline
    Exceeded
    2015
    Legal
    Limit
    Exceeded
    2015
    2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
    0.769 ppb Yes No

  • Tetrachloroethylene (perchloroethylene)

    cancer

    Dry cleaning chemical tetrachloroethylene, or perc, can cause cancer. It pollutes soil and groundwater due to emissions from dry cleaning facilities, and automotive, metalworking and other industries.

    STATE

    NATIONAL

    THIS UTILITY

    How your levels compare

    HEALTH GUIDELINE:
    0.06 ppb
    0.0143 ppb
    0.0894 ppb
    0.879 ppb
    The State and National averages were calculated using the averages of the contaminant measurements for each utility in 2015.
    ppb = parts per billion.

    Health risks of tetrachloroethylene in excess of health guideline

    The health guideline of 0.06 ppb for tetrachloroethylene was defined by the California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment as a public health goal, the level of a drinking water contaminant that does not pose a significant health risk. This health guideline protects against cancer.

    Testing summary by quarter

    NOT TESTED

    NOT DETECTED

    DETECTED

    ABOVE HEALTH GUIDELINE

    ABOVE LEGAL LIMIT

    • Utility Average 2015: 0.879 ppb
    • Health Guideline Exceeded 2015: Yes
    • Legal Limit Exceeded 2015: No
    Utility
    Average
    2015
    Health
    Guideline
    Exceeded
    2015
    Legal
    Limit
    Exceeded
    2015
    2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
    0.879 ppb Yes No

  • Total trihalomethanes (TTHMs)

    cancer

    Trihalomethanes are cancer-causing contaminants that form during water treatment with chlorine and other disinfectants. The total trihalomethanes group includes four chemicals: chloroform, bromodichloromethane, dibromochloromethane and bromoform.

    STATE

    NATIONAL

    THIS UTILITY

    How your levels compare

    HEALTH GUIDELINE:
    0.8 ppb
    23.7 ppb
    11.9 ppb
    8.43 ppb
    The State and National averages were calculated using the averages of the contaminant measurements for each utility in 2015.
    ppb = parts per billion.

    Health risks of trihalomethanes in excess of health guideline

    The health guideline of 0.8 ppb for trihalomethanes was defined by the California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment as a draft public health goal, the level of drinking water contaminant that does not pose a significant health risk. This health guideline protects against cancer.

    Testing summary by quarter

    NOT TESTED

    NOT DETECTED

    DETECTED

    ABOVE HEALTH GUIDELINE

    ABOVE LEGAL LIMIT

    • Utility Average 2015: 8.43 ppb
    • Health Guideline Exceeded 2015: Yes
    • Legal Limit Exceeded 2015: No
    Utility
    Average
    2015
    Health
    Guideline
    Exceeded
    2015
    Legal
    Limit
    Exceeded
    2015
    2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
    8.43 ppb Yes No

    Includes chemicals detected in 2015 for which annual utility averages were lower than an EWG-selected health guideline established by a federal or state public health authority; chemicals detected under the EPA's Unregulated Contaminant Monitoring Rule (UCMR 3) program in 2013 to 2015, for which annual utility averages were lower than an EWG-selected health guideline established by a federal or state public health authority.

  • 1,1,1-Trichloroethane


    1,1,1-Trichloroethane is a solvent and a degreasing agent used for manufacturing metal products and as ingredient in cleaners and aerosols. Exposure to 1,1,1-trichloroethane can harm the nervous system, liver and circulatory system.

    STATE

    NATIONAL

    THIS UTILITY

    How your levels compare

    0.00304 ppb
    0.0237 ppb
    0.00778 ppb
    The State and National averages were calculated using the averages of the contaminant measurements for each utility in 2015.
    ppb = parts per billion.

    Testing summary by quarter

    NOT TESTED

    NOT DETECTED

    DETECTED

    ABOVE LEGAL LIMIT

    • Utility Average 2015: 0.00778 ppb
    • Health Guideline Exceeded 2015: No
    • Legal Limit Exceeded 2015: No
    Utility
    Average
    2015
    Health
    Guideline
    Exceeded
    2015
    Legal
    Limit
    Exceeded
    2015
    2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
    0.00778 ppb No No

  • 1,1-Dichloroethane


    1,1-Dichloroethane is used in industrial chemical synthesis; in plastics, paint, varnish and finish removers; and as a pesticide. It can cause cancer.

    STATE

    NATIONAL

    THIS UTILITY

    How your levels compare

    HEALTH GUIDELINE:
    3 ppb
    0.00169 ppb
    0.0135 ppb
    0.000513 ppb
    The State and National averages were calculated using the averages of the contaminant measurements for each utility in 2010-2015.
    ppb = parts per billion.

    Health risks of 1,1-dichloroethane in excess of health guideline

    The health guideline of 3 ppb for 1,1-dichloroethane was defined by the California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment as a public health goal, the level of a drinking water contaminant that does not pose a significant health risk. This health guideline protects against cancer.

    Testing summary by quarter

    NOT TESTED

    NOT DETECTED

    DETECTED

    ABOVE HEALTH GUIDELINE

    • Utility Average 2010-2015: 0.000513 ppb
    • Health Guideline Exceeded 2010-2015: No
    • Legal Limit Exceeded 2010-2015: No
    Utility
    Average
    2010-2015
    Health
    Guideline
    Exceeded
    2010-2015
    Legal
    Limit
    Exceeded
    2010-2015
    2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
    0.000513 ppb No No

  • 1,2-Dichloroethane


    1,2-Dichloroethane is a volatile carcinogenic chemical used to make plastic products such as polyvinyl chloride.

    STATE

    NATIONAL

    THIS UTILITY

    How your levels compare

    HEALTH GUIDELINE:
    0.4 ppb
    0.000573 ppb
    0.000279 ppb
    0.00806 ppb
    The State and National averages were calculated using the averages of the contaminant measurements for each utility in 2015.
    ppb = parts per billion.

    Health risks of 1,2-dichloroethane in excess of health guideline

    The health guideline of 0.4 ppb for 1,2-dichloroethane was defined by the California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment as a public health goal, the level of a drinking water contaminant that does not pose a significant health risk. This health guideline protects against cancer.

    Testing summary by quarter

    NOT TESTED

    NOT DETECTED

    DETECTED

    ABOVE HEALTH GUIDELINE

    ABOVE LEGAL LIMIT

    • Utility Average 2015: 0.00806 ppb
    • Health Guideline Exceeded 2015: No
    • Legal Limit Exceeded 2015: No
    Utility
    Average
    2015
    Health
    Guideline
    Exceeded
    2015
    Legal
    Limit
    Exceeded
    2015
    2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
    0.00806 ppb No No

  • 1,4-Dioxane


    1,4-Dioxane is a solvent classified by the EPA as a likely human carcinogen. It contaminates groundwater in many states due to industrial wastewater discharges, plastic manufacturing runoff and landfill runoff.

    STATE

    NATIONAL

    THIS UTILITY

    How your levels compare

    HEALTH GUIDELINE:
    0.35 ppb
    0.0481 ppb
    0.0134 ppb
    0.0434 ppb
    The State and National averages were calculated using the averages of the contaminant measurements for each utility in 2010-2015.
    ppb = parts per billion.

    Health risks of 1,4-dioxane in excess of health guideline

    The health guideline of 0.35 ppb for 1,4-dioxane was defined by the Environmental Protection Agency as a one-in-a-million lifetime risk of cancer. Values greater than one-in-a-million cancer risk level can result in increased cancer cases above one in a million people.

    Testing summary by quarter

    NOT TESTED

    NOT DETECTED

    DETECTED

    ABOVE HEALTH GUIDELINE

    • Utility Average 2010-2015: 0.0434 ppb
    • Health Guideline Exceeded 2010-2015: No
    • Legal Limit Exceeded 2010-2015: No
    Utility
    Average
    2010-2015
    Health
    Guideline
    Exceeded
    2010-2015
    Legal
    Limit
    Exceeded
    2010-2015
    2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
    0.0434 ppb No No

  • Bromoform


    Bromoform, one of the total trihalomethanes (TTHMs), is formed when chlorine or other disinfectants are used to treat drinking water. Bromoform and other disinfection byproducts increase the risk of cancer and may cause problems during pregnancy. Click here to read more about disinfection byproducts.

    STATE

    NATIONAL

    THIS UTILITY

    How your levels compare

    HEALTH GUIDELINE:
    0.5 ppb
    1.77 ppb
    0.671 ppb
    0.268 ppb
    The State and National averages were calculated using the averages of the contaminant measurements for each utility in 2015.
    ppb = parts per billion.

    Health risks of bromoform in excess of health guideline

    The health guideline of 0.5 ppb for bromoform was proposed in 2018 by the California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment as a one-in-a-million lifetime risk of cancer. Values greater than one-in-a-million cancer risk level can result in increased cancer cases above one in a million people.

    Testing summary by quarter

    NOT TESTED

    NOT DETECTED

    DETECTED

    ABOVE HEALTH GUIDELINE

    • Utility Average 2015: 0.268 ppb
    • Health Guideline Exceeded 2015: No
    • Legal Limit Exceeded 2015: No
    Utility
    Average
    2015
    Health
    Guideline
    Exceeded
    2015
    Legal
    Limit
    Exceeded
    2015
    2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
    0.268 ppb No No

  • Chlorate


    Chlorate forms in drinking water as a byproduct of disinfection. Chlorate impairs thyroid function, making chlorate exposure most harmful during pregnancy and childhood.

    STATE

    NATIONAL

    THIS UTILITY

    How your levels compare

    HEALTH GUIDELINE:
    210 ppb
    114.0 ppb
    64.3 ppb
    1.71 ppb
    The State and National averages were calculated using the averages of the contaminant measurements for each utility in 2010-2015.
    ppb = parts per billion.

    Health risks of chlorate in excess of health guideline

    The health guideline of 210 ppb for chlorate was defined by the Environmental Protection Agency as a benchmark for testing under the Unregulated Contaminant Monitoring Rule program. This health guideline protects against hormone disruption.

    Testing summary by quarter

    NOT TESTED

    NOT DETECTED

    DETECTED

    ABOVE HEALTH GUIDELINE

    • Utility Average 2010-2015: 1.71 ppb
    • Health Guideline Exceeded 2010-2015: No
    • Legal Limit Exceeded 2010-2015: No
    Utility
    Average
    2010-2015
    Health
    Guideline
    Exceeded
    2010-2015
    Legal
    Limit
    Exceeded
    2010-2015
    2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
    1.71 ppb No No

  • Chromium (total)


    Chromium is a naturally occurring metal, but industrial uses can elevate its levels in water. One form, hexavalent chromium, causes cancer. Total chromium is not a good indicator of the amount of hexavalent chromium in drinking water.

    STATE

    NATIONAL

    THIS UTILITY

    How your levels compare

    0.637 ppb
    0.373 ppb
    0.792 ppb
    The State and National averages were calculated using the averages of the contaminant measurements for each utility in 2010-2015.
    ppb = parts per billion.

    Testing summary by quarter

    NOT TESTED

    NOT DETECTED

    DETECTED

    ABOVE LEGAL LIMIT

    • Utility Average 2010-2015: 0.792 ppb
    • Health Guideline Exceeded 2010-2015: No
    • Legal Limit Exceeded 2010-2015: No
    Utility
    Average
    2010-2015
    Health
    Guideline
    Exceeded
    2010-2015
    Legal
    Limit
    Exceeded
    2010-2015
    2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
    0.792 ppb No No

  • cis-1,2-Dichloroethylene


    1,2-Dichloroethylene, a neurotoxic solvent, exists in two different forms: trans-1,2-dichloroethylene and cis-1,2-dichloroethylene. A mixture of the two forms is used to manufacture other solvents and chemical products.

    STATE

    NATIONAL

    THIS UTILITY

    How your levels compare

    0.00946 ppb
    0.0119 ppb
    0.0331 ppb
    The State and National averages were calculated using the averages of the contaminant measurements for each utility in 2015.
    ppb = parts per billion.

    Testing summary by quarter

    NOT TESTED

    NOT DETECTED

    DETECTED

    ABOVE LEGAL LIMIT

    • Utility Average 2015: 0.0331 ppb
    • Health Guideline Exceeded 2015: No
    • Legal Limit Exceeded 2015: No
    Utility
    Average
    2015
    Health
    Guideline
    Exceeded
    2015
    Legal
    Limit
    Exceeded
    2015
    2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
    0.0331 ppb No No

  • Cobalt


    Cobalt is a metal found throughout the environment; people may be exposed to cobalt in air, food and drinking water.

    STATE

    NATIONAL

    THIS UTILITY

    How your levels compare

    HEALTH GUIDELINE:
    70 ppb
    0.0927 ppb
    0.0149 ppb
    0.0517 ppb
    The State and National averages were calculated using the averages of the contaminant measurements for each utility in 2010-2015.
    ppb = parts per billion.

    Health risks of cobalt in excess of health guideline

    The health guideline of 70 ppb for cobalt was defined by the Environmental Protection Agency as a benchmark for testing under the Unregulated Contaminant Monitoring Rule program. This health guideline protects against change in blood chemistry.

    Testing summary by quarter

    NOT TESTED

    NOT DETECTED

    DETECTED

    ABOVE HEALTH GUIDELINE

    • Utility Average 2010-2015: 0.0517 ppb
    • Health Guideline Exceeded 2010-2015: No
    • Legal Limit Exceeded 2010-2015: No
    Utility
    Average
    2010-2015
    Health
    Guideline
    Exceeded
    2010-2015
    Legal
    Limit
    Exceeded
    2010-2015
    2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
    0.0517 ppb No No

  • Dibromoacetic acid


    Dibromoacetic acid, one of the group of five haloacetic acids regulated by federal standards, is formed when chlorine or other disinfectants are used to treat drinking water. Haloacetic acids and other disinfection byproducts increase the risk of cancer and may cause problems during pregnancy. Click here to read more about disinfection byproducts.

    STATE

    NATIONAL

    THIS UTILITY

    How your levels compare

    1.15 ppb
    0.482 ppb
    0.724 ppb
    The State and National averages were calculated using the averages of the contaminant measurements for each utility in 2015.
    ppb = parts per billion.

    Testing summary by quarter

    NOT TESTED

    NOT DETECTED

    DETECTED

    • Utility Average 2015: 0.724 ppb
    • Health Guideline Exceeded 2015: No
    • Legal Limit Exceeded 2015: No
    Utility
    Average
    2015
    Health
    Guideline
    Exceeded
    2015
    Legal
    Limit
    Exceeded
    2015
    2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
    0.724 ppb No No

  • Dichloroacetic acid


    Dichloroacetic acid, one of the group of five haloacetic acids regulated by federal standards, is formed when chlorine or other disinfectants are used to treat drinking water. Haloacetic acids and other disinfection byproducts increase the risk of cancer and may cause problems during pregnancy. Click here to read more about disinfection byproducts.

    STATE

    NATIONAL

    THIS UTILITY

    How your levels compare

    HEALTH GUIDELINE:
    0.7 ppb
    6.07 ppb
    2.02 ppb
    0.670 ppb
    The State and National averages were calculated using the averages of the contaminant measurements for each utility in 2015.
    ppb = parts per billion.

    Health risks of dichloroacetic acid in excess of health guideline

    The health guideline of 0.7 ppb for dichloroacetic acid was defined by the Environmental Protection Agency as a one-in-a-million lifetime risk of cancer. Values greater than one-in-a-million cancer risk level can result in increased cancer cases above one in a million people.

    Testing summary by quarter

    NOT TESTED

    NOT DETECTED

    DETECTED

    ABOVE HEALTH GUIDELINE

    • Utility Average 2015: 0.670 ppb
    • Health Guideline Exceeded 2015: No
    • Legal Limit Exceeded 2015: No
    Utility
    Average
    2015
    Health
    Guideline
    Exceeded
    2015
    Legal
    Limit
    Exceeded
    2015
    2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
    0.670 ppb No No

  • Fluoride


    Fluoride occurs naturally in surface and groundwater and is also added to drinking water by many water systems.

    STATE

    NATIONAL

    THIS UTILITY

    How your levels compare

    0.440 ppm
    0.723 ppm
    0.726 ppm
    The State and National averages were calculated using the averages of the contaminant measurements for each utility in 2015.
    ppm = parts per million.

    Testing summary by quarter

    NOT TESTED

    NOT DETECTED

    DETECTED

    ABOVE LEGAL LIMIT

    • Utility Average 2015: 0.726 ppm
    • Health Guideline Exceeded 2015: No
    • Legal Limit Exceeded 2015: No
    Utility
    Average
    2015
    Health
    Guideline
    Exceeded
    2015
    Legal
    Limit
    Exceeded
    2015
    2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
    0.726 ppm No No

  • Haloacetic acids (HAA5)


    Haloacetic acids are formed when disinfectants such as chlorine are added to tap water. The group of five haloacetic acids regulated by federal standards includes monochloroacetic acid, dichloroacetic acid, trichloroacetic acid, monobromoacetic acid and dibromoacetic acid.

    STATE

    NATIONAL

    THIS UTILITY

    How your levels compare

    12.9 ppb
    5.28 ppb
    1.67 ppb
    The State and National averages were calculated using the averages of the contaminant measurements for each utility in 2015.
    ppb = parts per billion.

    Testing summary by quarter

    NOT TESTED

    NOT DETECTED

    DETECTED

    ABOVE LEGAL LIMIT

    • Utility Average 2015: 1.67 ppb
    • Health Guideline Exceeded 2015: No
    • Legal Limit Exceeded 2015: No
    Utility
    Average
    2015
    Health
    Guideline
    Exceeded
    2015
    Legal
    Limit
    Exceeded
    2015
    2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
    1.67 ppb No No

  • Nitrate


    Nitrate, a fertilizer chemical, frequently contaminates drinking water due to agricultural and urban runoff, and discharges from municipal wastewater treatment plants and septic tanks. Excessive nitrate in water can cause oxygen deprivation in infants and increase the risk of cancer. Click here to read more about nitrate.

    STATE

    NATIONAL

    THIS UTILITY

    How your levels compare

    HEALTH GUIDELINE:
    5 ppm
    1.00 ppm
    1.35 ppm
    1.39 ppm
    The State and National averages were calculated using the averages of the contaminant measurements for each utility in 2015.
    ppm = parts per million.

    Health risks of nitrate in excess of health guideline

    The health guideline of 5 ppm for nitrate was defined by EWG based on studies by scientists at the National Cancer Institute and other independent researchers. This health guideline protects against cancer and harm to fetal growth and development.

    Testing summary by quarter

    NOT TESTED

    NOT DETECTED

    DETECTED

    ABOVE HEALTH GUIDELINE

    ABOVE LEGAL LIMIT

    • Utility Average 2015: 1.39 ppm
    • Health Guideline Exceeded 2015: No
    • Legal Limit Exceeded 2015: No
    Utility
    Average
    2015
    Health
    Guideline
    Exceeded
    2015
    Legal
    Limit
    Exceeded
    2015
    2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
    1.39 ppm No No

  • Strontium


    Strontium is a metal that accumulates in the bones. Radioactive strontium-90 can cause bone cancer and leukemia, and any form of strontium at high doses can harm bone health.

    STATE

    NATIONAL

    THIS UTILITY

    How your levels compare

    HEALTH GUIDELINE:
    1,500 ppb
    357.2 ppb
    1,797.1 ppb
    73.0 ppb
    The State and National averages were calculated using the averages of the contaminant measurements for each utility in 2010-2015.
    ppb = parts per billion.

    Health risks of strontium in excess of health guideline

    The health guideline of 1,500 ppb for strontium was defined by the Environmental Protection Agency as a benchmark for testing under the Unregulated Contaminant Monitoring Rule program. This health guideline protects against harm to bones.

    Testing summary by quarter

    NOT TESTED

    NOT DETECTED

    DETECTED

    ABOVE HEALTH GUIDELINE

    • Utility Average 2010-2015: 73.0 ppb
    • Health Guideline Exceeded 2010-2015: No
    • Legal Limit Exceeded 2010-2015: No
    Utility
    Average
    2010-2015
    Health
    Guideline
    Exceeded
    2010-2015
    Legal
    Limit
    Exceeded
    2010-2015
    2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
    73.0 ppb No No

  • Trichloroacetic acid


    Trichloroacetic acid, one of the group of five haloacetic acids regulated by federal standards, is formed when chlorine or other disinfectants are used to treat drinking water. Haloacetic acids and other disinfection byproducts increase the risk of cancer and may cause problems during pregnancy. Click here to read more about disinfection byproducts.

    STATE

    NATIONAL

    THIS UTILITY

    How your levels compare

    HEALTH GUIDELINE:
    0.5 ppb
    4.96 ppb
    1.71 ppb
    0.278 ppb
    The State and National averages were calculated using the averages of the contaminant measurements for each utility in 2015.
    ppb = parts per billion.

    Health risks of trichloroacetic acid in excess of health guideline

    The health guideline of 0.5 ppb for trichloroacetic acid was defined by the Environmental Protection Agency as a one-in-a-million lifetime risk of cancer. Values greater than one-in-a-million cancer risk level can result in increased cancer cases above one in a million people.

    Testing summary by quarter

    NOT TESTED

    NOT DETECTED

    DETECTED

    ABOVE HEALTH GUIDELINE

    • Utility Average 2015: 0.278 ppb
    • Health Guideline Exceeded 2015: No
    • Legal Limit Exceeded 2015: No
    Utility
    Average
    2015
    Health
    Guideline
    Exceeded
    2015
    Legal
    Limit
    Exceeded
    2015
    2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
    0.278 ppb No No

  • Trichloroethylene


    Trichloroethylene, an industrial solvent and common groundwater pollutant, damages the immune system, harms the developing fetus and causes cancer.

    STATE

    NATIONAL

    THIS UTILITY

    How your levels compare

    HEALTH GUIDELINE:
    0.4 ppb
    0.00964 ppb
    0.0391 ppb
    0.0817 ppb
    The State and National averages were calculated using the averages of the contaminant measurements for each utility in 2015.
    ppb = parts per billion.

    Health risks of trichloroethylene in excess of health guideline

    The health guideline of 0.4 ppb for trichloroethylene was defined by the State of Minnesota as a a health risk limit, a non-enforceable guidance value. This health guideline protects against harm to the developing fetus and damage to the immune system.

    Testing summary by quarter

    NOT TESTED

    NOT DETECTED

    DETECTED

    ABOVE HEALTH GUIDELINE

    ABOVE LEGAL LIMIT

    • Utility Average 2015: 0.0817 ppb
    • Health Guideline Exceeded 2015: No
    • Legal Limit Exceeded 2015: No
    Utility
    Average
    2015
    Health
    Guideline
    Exceeded
    2015
    Legal
    Limit
    Exceeded
    2015
    2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
    0.0817 ppb No No

  • Trichlorofluoromethane


    Trichlorofluoromethane (Freon 11) is a refrigerant, solvent and aerosol propellant banned in 2000 under the Montreal Protocol because of its ozone-depleting properties. Freons can cause heart, nervous system and liver damage.

    STATE

    NATIONAL

    THIS UTILITY

    How your levels compare

    HEALTH GUIDELINE:
    1,300 ppb
    0.00472 ppb
    0.000699 ppb
    0.0475 ppb
    The State and National averages were calculated using the averages of the contaminant measurements for each utility in 2015.
    ppb = parts per billion.

    Health risks of trichlorofluoromethane in excess of health guideline

    The health guideline of 1,300 ppb for trichlorofluoromethane was defined by the California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment as a public health goal, the level of a drinking water contaminant that does not pose a significant health risk. This health guideline protects against harm to internal organs.

    Testing summary by quarter

    NOT TESTED

    NOT DETECTED

    DETECTED

    ABOVE HEALTH GUIDELINE

    • Utility Average 2015: 0.0475 ppb
    • Health Guideline Exceeded 2015: No
    • Legal Limit Exceeded 2015: No
    Utility
    Average
    2015
    Health
    Guideline
    Exceeded
    2015
    Legal
    Limit
    Exceeded
    2015
    2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
    0.0475 ppb No No

  • Vanadium


    Vanadium is a metal used in steels and other alloys. People are commonly exposed to vanadium in water and food. Excessive exposure can be toxic during pregnancy and childhood.

    STATE

    NATIONAL

    THIS UTILITY

    How your levels compare

    HEALTH GUIDELINE:
    21 ppb
    1.98 ppb
    0.437 ppb
    0.0552 ppb
    The State and National averages were calculated using the averages of the contaminant measurements for each utility in 2010-2015.
    ppb = parts per billion.

    Health risks of vanadium in excess of health guideline

    The health guideline of 21 ppb for vanadium was defined by the Environmental Protection Agency as a benchmark for testing under the Unregulated Contaminant Monitoring Rule program. This health guideline protects against change in blood chemistry.

    Testing summary by quarter

    NOT TESTED

    NOT DETECTED

    DETECTED

    ABOVE HEALTH GUIDELINE

    • Utility Average 2010-2015: 0.0552 ppb
    • Health Guideline Exceeded 2010-2015: No
    • Legal Limit Exceeded 2010-2015: No
    Utility
    Average
    2010-2015
    Health
    Guideline
    Exceeded
    2010-2015
    Legal
    Limit
    Exceeded
    2010-2015
    2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
    0.0552 ppb No No

Want to filter these contaminants out?

Pollution sources

Click on each pollution source to see from which source contaminants come.

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Agriculture

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industry icon

Industry

teardrop 14
water treatment icon

Treatment
byproducts

tear drop 11
urban area icon

Runoff &
sprawl

teardrop 4
naturally occuring icon

Naturally
occuring

teardrop 6

  • Chlorate
  • Nitrate
  • Chlorate
  • Chromium (total)
  • Strontium
  • Chromium (hexavalent)
  • Cobalt
  • Vanadium
  • 1,4-Dioxane
  • Trichlorofluoromethane
  • cis-1,2-Dichloroethylene
  • 1,1-Dichloroethane
  • 1,2-Dichloroethane
  • 1,1,1-Trichloroethane
  • Trichloroethylene
  • Tetrachloroethylene (perchloroethylene)
  • Chromium (total)
  • Nitrate
  • Strontium
  • Chromium (hexavalent)
  • Cobalt
  • Vanadium
  • Nitrate
  • 1,4-Dioxane
  • Trichlorofluoromethane
  • Tetrachloroethylene (perchloroethylene)
  • Chlorate
  • Fluoride
  • Dichloroacetic acid
  • Trichloroacetic acid
  • Dibromoacetic acid
  • Haloacetic acids (HAA5)
  • Chloroform
  • Bromoform
  • Bromodichloromethane
  • Dibromochloromethane
  • Total trihalomethanes (TTHMs)
Specific water contaminants can come from more than one source.

Madison Water Utility compliance with legally mandated federal standards

  • From October 2015 to September 2018, Madison Water Utility complied with health-based drinking water standards.
  • 12 QUARTERS
    in violation of any federal drinking water standard from October 2015 to September 2018
Information in this section on Madison Water Utility comes from the U.S. EPA Enforcement and Compliance History Online database. Click here for more information for this utility.

Other contaminants tested


Contaminants detected between 2010 and 2014 and were not part of EPA's UCMR-3 testing program:

Aluminum, Arsenic, Barium, Manganese, Nitrate and nitrite, Selenium, Thallium, Dichlorodifluoromethane, Xylenes (total), Dichloromethane (methylene chloride), Ethylbenzene

 

Chemicals tested for but not detected from 2010 to 2015:

1,1,1,2-Tetrachloroethane, 1,1,2,2-Tetrachloroethane, 1,1,2-Trichloroethane, 1,1-Dichloroethylene, 1,1-Dichloropropene, 1,2,3-Trichloropropane, 1,2,4-Trichlorobenzene, 1,2,4-Trimethylbenzene, 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP), 1,2-Dichloropropane, 1,3,5-Trimethylbenzene, 1,3-Butadiene, 1,3-Dichloropropane, 1,3-Dichloropropene, 17-beta-Estradiol, 2,2-Dichloropropane, 2,4,5-TP (Silvex), 2,4-D, 3-Hydroxycarbofuran, 4-Androstene-3,17-dione, Alachlor (Lasso), Aldicarb sulfone, Aldicarb sulfoxide, Aldrin, Antimony, Atrazine, Benzene, Beryllium, Bromobenzene, Bromochloromethane, Bromomethane, Butachlor, Cadmium, Carbaryl, Carbofuran, Carbon tetrachloride, Chlordane, Chlorodifluoromethane, Chloroethane, Chloromethane, Dalapon, Dibromomethane, Dicamba, Dieldrin, Dinoseb, Diquat, Endothall, Endrin, Equilin, Estriol, Estrone, Ethinyl estradiol, Ethylene dibromide, Glyphosate, Heptachlor, Heptachlor epoxide, Hexachlorobenzene (HCB), Hexachlorobutadiene, Hexachlorocyclopentadiene, Isopropylbenzene, Lindane, m-Dichlorobenzene, Mercury (inorganic), Methomyl, Methoxychlor, Metolachlor, Metribuzin, Molybdenum, Monobromoacetic acid, Monochloroacetic acid, Monochlorobenzene (chlorobenzene), MTBE, Naphthalene, Nitrite, o-Chlorotoluene, o-Dichlorobenzene, Oxamyl (Vydate), p-Chlorotoluene, p-Dichlorobenzene, p-Isopropyltoluene, Pentachlorophenol, Perfluorobutane sulfonate (PFBS), Perfluoroheptanoic acid (PFHPA), Perfluorohexane sulfonate (PFHXS), Perfluorononanoic acid (PFNA), Perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS), Perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA), Picloram, Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), Propachlor, Silver, Simazine, Styrene, Testosterone, Toluene, Total aldicarbs, Toxaphene, trans-1,2-Dichloroethylene, Trichlorotrifluoroethane, Vinyl chloride